Exam 2 Notes - February 18 Framing B&T p 183 Framing...

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February 18 Framing Framing powerfully affects the image by means of The size and the shape of the frame The way the frame defines onscreen and off-screen space The way the framing The way framing can move in relation to the mise en scene Aspect Ratio General Rule 1.33:1 Widescreen ratio US - 1.85:1 ; Europe - 1.66:1 Cinemascope - 2.35:1 (anamorphic process) Additional Styles: Masking and/or Iris shot Split screen/Multiple screen Offscreen/onscreen space The Graduate (1967) Convergence of onscreen and offscreen space Angle Straight-on (eye-level) High-angle (looks down) Low-Angle (looks up) Level Canted: (camera tilted to one or another side) see page 190. Height Yasujiro Ozu 18-24 inches from the floor Adult seated on tatami Distance Extreme long shot: human figure is barely visible Long shot: figures more visible, but landscape still dominates Medium long shot: (from knees up) - creates balane between figures and surroundings Medium shot: (waist up) gesture and expression are now more visible Medium close-up: (from chest up) Close up: (single part of the body) - face, hands, feet, or some small object Extreme close up: (portion of the face or object) - eyes, lips - magnifies a
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detail Composition Straight on Medium-close up Balanced composition Low key lighting Focus on Michael’s (Pacino) face. Framing Clues on point-of-view Angles must correspond logically See later example in Requiem for a Dream . Mobile Frame Camera Movement: Pan: rotates the camera on a vertical axis (side to side) - head movement Tilt: rotates the camera on the horizontal axis (up and down) head movement Tracking or Dolly Shot: travelling in any direction along the ground Crane shot: camera moves above ground level (all direction) Example: Requiem for a Dream (Director Darren Aronofsky, 2000) Split screen Repetition Wide Angle Movement Handheld Camera Used extensively in Dogme Films Example: Dancer in the Dark (Director Lars Von Trier, 2000) Patterns Repetition of movement and/or editing Link movement to Characters Link movement to situations High angle/low angle framing - character development etc EG: Autumn Afternoon (Dir. Yasujiro Ozu, 1965) Basic Editing Continuity Fades Dissolves Dis-continuous editing EG Maya Deren
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La Grande Illusion page 203-205 People at war (not fighting, but surviving) Camera Movement Editing Patterns of Style Long Take Used selectively Interpretation depends on context Can created patterns (longtakes vs. Short edits) A ‘film in one breath’ Russian Ark (Director Alexander Sokurov) March 3 Night of the Living Dead (Dir. George Romero, 1968) Significance and Style Shift in Horror - no release at the end Monsters are Human Natural Lighting Location Shooting Hand-held cameras Themes Robin Wood: Horror is society’s ‘collective nightmare’ Repressed desires: sexual/power (ideologies)
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Exam 2 Notes - February 18 Framing B&T p 183 Framing...

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