Battle_of_New_Orleans - War of 1812.Battle of N.O 1 War of...

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War of 1812.Battle of N.O. 1 War of 1812 and Battle of New Orleans Identification Heavy Infantry Treaty of Ghent Jean and Pierre Lafitte Packenham At first, a disaster for the city. US declares war against Britain in 1812, but Britain too focused on Napoleon into 1814 to focus on the Americans. 3 areas of concern: 1) Great Lakes 2) Chesapeake 3) New Orleans The British get Native Americans to attack Americans in New York, Ohio, and Michigan frontier. The British blockade the NO port, and an economic depression results. The British also instigate a Creek Indian uprising in Alabama and Mississippi in 1813. This frightens the New Orleans residents just as in the 1700s when the residents had feared Indian attacks. Andrew Jackson Part-time General commanding volunteers [Davey Crockett fights Indians with Jackson]. In 1814, Jackson defeats the Creeks at Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Jackson takes control of their land and forces them to relocate west of the Mississippi River. This meant that the British lacked Indian allies in the Southern arena of war. Jackson’s victory was crucial. At first, the war seemed distant; most of the action was taking place in Canada. Some in the US had wanted to take Canada away from the British, but that turned out to be a disastrous plan. US troops had burned the Canadian city of York to the ground (as the British eventually did to Washington, D.C.), but overall the Canadian campaigns proved unsuccessful. New Orleans troops had been sent north for those campaigns. Gov. Claiborne calls for the militia to protect the city, but since the
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War of 1812.Battle of N.O. 2 Governor is not an imposing figure, most men ignore the call. Claiborne asks for help from Washington, and he also makes his third call for the local militia to come out and protect the city. Finally, the locals cooperated. Andrew Jackson is sent to New Orleans to protect the city. Main Question for US government officials was: Would New Orleans remain loyal to the US during this war? Many citizens were French-speaking. British General Nichols in Pensacola promised safety to New Orleans French population; they would be “liberated” if they supported the British. Remember that many of New Orleans’ French were recent immigrants. The Foreign French from the West Indies were particularly suspect. Some had gone to the French consulate to ask for support and protection. Jackson defeated Nichols in 1814 and then all of Jackson’s troops moved to New Orleans—so, another crucial turn of events for New Orleans. Still, Jackson concerned about potential French traitors in the city. The Baratarian pirates:
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Battle_of_New_Orleans - War of 1812.Battle of N.O 1 War of...

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