MIDTERM EXAM1Midterm ExamStudent Name HereUniversity Name HereMarch 24, 2022
MIDTERM EXAM2Question 1Deviance is regarded as relative since it is reliant on the context in which it occurs. It ispossible that two communities or subcultures will not view identical conduct to be deviant(Cohen, 2018). The deviation is sometimes associated with unusual or inappropriate behavior;but, in the sociological sense, deviance is simply any transgression of a society's establishedstandards or codes of conduct. Deviance can range from something little, such as a trafficinfraction, to something catastrophic, such as murder, depending on the circumstances. Forexample, public nudity can be an illustration of this. Many states in the United States (US) regardpublic nudity and indecent exposure to be crimes that can be prosecuted and punished as such.However, there are nudist beaches all around the US, as well as in other parts of the world.Public nudity and indecent exposure are considered acceptable behavior in some locations. Theacceptability of this act might be regarded as relative due to the wide range of responsesreceived.ReferenceCohen, S. (2018). Criminology and the sociology of deviance in Britain: A recent history and acurrent report. InDeviance and Social Control(pp. 1-40).Question 2Deviant locations are places that are prone to deviant behaviors and that encouragedeviant conduct in their visitors. According to Deviant Places: A Theory of the Ecology ofCrime, five elements characterize locations as deviant places, and they are as follows: density,poverty, mixed-use, transience, and dilapidation (Inlow, 2021). Density, poverty, mixed-use,transience, and dilapidation are the other variables. These elements have an impact on the
MIDTERM EXAM3population of the region and can lead to deviant behavior among the people who live there, thusestablishing the area's reputation as a deviant location.ReferenceInlow, A. R. (2021).Contested Places, Transgressive Spaces: Crime, Perceived Disorder, andthe Built Environment in Portland, Oregon Neighborhoods.Question 3Various social constructs like gender, as well as the gender roles that are prevalent in aperson's culture, can have a significant impact on the deviant act of rape. These structures help toshape a person's gender identity as well as his or her perception of oneself. Several studies,including that "men are more physically violent than women," and that "traditionally ascribe towomen the adjectives" of gentleness and nurturing as well as "delicacy and grace" as well as"cooperation and decoration" as well as "dependent, emotional, passive, and weak" (Elvey &McNeeley, 2019). Because of the repeated indoctrination of gender norms, it becomes simpler tolink violence with being a characteristic of manhood. Rape is transformed into a social pattern ofsymbolic interactionists as a result of this transformation.