The Psychology of Art: Past, Present, FutureOPPOSITION TO SCIENCEAn interest in the two main types of aesthetic phenomena, artistic creation and appreciation, was shown in early Greek poetry and philosophy. Why, then, did it take so long to develop a scientific approach to them? The answer lies mainly in the slow achievement of the scientific attitude and method in general, especially in the humanistic fields. The dominant approaches were those of religious mysticism and metaphysical absolutism. Early attempts at an empirical, naturalistic approach, like that of Lucretius, were beaten down repeatedly. The old, anti-scientific attitudes persisted in aesthetics through the Renaissance and up to the present time. Any talk of scientific method in the study of art still meets determined resistance from influential scholars as well as from artists and the general public.The origin of psychological theorizing about the arts can be traced to the widespread primitive belief in the supernatural power and inspiration of the artist. It was thought that some artists, like shamans, priests, and oracles, could be divinely
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