The Psychology of Art: Past, Present, Future TECHNIQUE OF UNDERSTANDING Certainly, the psychology of art cannot claim to be a full-fledged science or branch of science at the present time. It is usually regarded as a branch of psychology, sometimes under the name of "psychological aesthetics" or "experimental aesthetics." Some would call it a kind of applied psychology in the sense of applying general psychological knowledge to a specific type of cultural activity and product. It would then be analogous to the psychology of religion or law. But it is not "applied science" in the sense of being devoted to practical uses. It is primarily descriptive, a search for knowledge in a certain field of phenomena. Like all pure, descriptive sciences, it can also be applied in practice—for example, in art education and therapy. But the present essay will consider it mainly as a quest for knowledge and understanding. The psychology of art is also classed as one of several branches of aesthetics along with aesthetic axiology (value theory) and aesthetic morphology (the study of form in the arts). Morphology, art criticism, and art history emphasize works of art, whereas the psychology of art emphasizes the behavior and experience of the people who make and use them. But all these
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