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pakstudy assignment 3.27.22.pdf - Name: SOHAIB SECTION: 1E...

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Name: SOHAIBSECTION: 1EDEPARTMENT: CSSAP ID: 70132014SUBMITTED TO: Miss Sumaira
Pak-StudiesNote On 1857 war of Independence:The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. This War wasfought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. It is also givennames as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. The main causes of the Warwere political, social, economical, military and religious. It was an extreme effort made by Indians,but they failed due to certain reasons including mutual jealousies, disunity, and lack of centralleadership etc.This war was not spread throughout India but it was limited to few areas mainly Meerut, Delhi,Kanpur, Lucknow etc. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was therefusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) onJanuary 23, 1857. At the same time, an Indian sepoy killed two British officers at Barrackpore,when he was forced to use greased cartridges. He was arrested and hanged to death on April 8,1857. This news spread as fast as jungle fire.Meerut:On 6th May, 1857 A.D. 85 out of 90 Indian soldiers at Meerut refused to bite the greased cartridgeswith their teeth. These 85 soldiers were court-martialled and imprisoned for 10 years. They werestripped off their uniforms in the presence of the entire Indian crowd. It was too much of a disgraceand this incident sent a wave of indignation. On 10th May 1857, the Indian soldiers at Meerutbroke into open revolt. They released their companions and murdered a few European officers. Onthe night of 10th May the mutineers marched to Delhi and reached there on 11th May.Delhi:The revolutionaries reached from Meerut to Delhi on 11th May, 1857 and the small British garrisonat Delhi was not able to resist and consequently fell into their hands within 2 days. The MughalEmperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, was proclaimed Emperor of India. In order to regain Delhi, Sir John
Lawrence sent a strong British force commanded by John Nicholson. After a long siege of fourmonths, the British recovered Delhi in September 1857 A.D. The Mughal Emperor Bahadur ShahZafar was captured, his two sons and a grandson were shot dead before his eyes and he was sentto Rangoon where he died in the year 1862 A. D.Jhansi and Gwalior:The leader of the revolutionaries in Central India was Rani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi. General Sir Huge Roseattacked Jhansi in March 1858 but the brave Rani Laxmi Bai kept the British General unnerved for quitesome time. She with the help of Tantya Tope created problems for the British troops. Both fought manysuccessful battles against the British.A fierce battle was fought between the British and the revolutionaries under Rani Laxmi Bai and TantyaTope from June 11 to June 1 8, 1 858 A. D. But the personal velour of Rani and Tantya Tope could not matchthe resources at the command of the British. Tantya Tope was betrayed by the Gwalior Chief Man Singh andfell into the hands of the British. He was subsequently hanged on April 18, 1859.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Khawaja Ali Qadeer
Tags
Indian Rebellion of 1857, bahadur shah zafar

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