Abnormal Ch 10.2 Student Outline

Abnormal Ch 10.2 Student Outline - Abnormal Psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: Abnormal Psychology Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders Substance-r elated disor der s Problems associated with using and abusing drugs that alter patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving Psychoactive substances Broad class of agents that alter mood and/or behavior which are ingested to become intoxicated or high, with abuse of such substances related to dependence and addiction Levels of use or involvement Substance use I ngestion of psychoactive substance(s) on occasion Moderate amounts Does not significantly interfere with life functioning Substance intoxication Physiological reaction to ingested substance Mood changes I mpairment in judgment Decrease in motor abilities Levels of use or involvement Substance abuse Patter n of substance use leading to significant distr ess or impair ment in social and occupational r oles Substance dependence Typically defined as addiction Disagreement over how dependence should be defined Substance Dependence Definitions Physiological dependence More and more required for same effect Tolerance Negative physical response when drug is removed Withdrawal Psychological dependence Dr ug-seeking behavior Repeated use Stealing to buy Enduring negative circumstances to use Categories of Substances Depr essants Result in behavioral sedation Primarily decrease CNS activity Reduce arousal I ncrease relaxation Alcohol Sedatives Barbiturates Benzodiazepines Categories of Substances Stimulants I ncrease alertness and elevate mood Cocaine Nicotine Caffeine Categories of Substances Opiates Reduce pain (i.e., produce analgesia) and induce euphoria Heroine Opium Codeine Morphine Categories of Substances H allucinogens Alter sensory perception and can produce delusions, paranoia, and hallucinations M ar ijuana LSD Other I nhalants Anabolic ster oids Pr escr iption medications Depressants Depr essants Decrease CNS activity High likelihood of Alcohol Clinical Descr iption I nitial effect is apparent stimulation Sense of well-being I nhabitations reduced 1 st I nhibitory centers in the brain are depressed More areas of brain depressed with more drinking Affects many parts of the body Absorbed through blood stream Esophagus Stomach Small intestine Alcohol Shor t-Ter m Effects Slowed reaction time Motor impairment Ability to make judgments reduced Alcohol...
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Abnormal Ch 10.2 Student Outline - Abnormal Psychology...

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