In Class Notes - Test 2 - History 1003 Test 2 Pre-French...

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History 1003 – Test 2 Pre-French Revolution 1740 Weather began to improve Extended growing season Birth rate increased dramatically Death rate decreased Introduction of the potato plant from America Population of Europe roughly doubled Powers of Europe engaged in constant warfare 1700-1714: War of Spanish Succession 1720s: War of Polish Succession 1740-1748: War of Austrian Succession 1756-1763: Seven Years War 1778-1783: American War 3 main causes of the French Revolution War War costs extreme amounts of money Must tax the population or borrow money Population increase More people, more poor During the 18 th century Great Britain surpassed France as the predominant country in Europe 1713 – Hanover family took power in Great Britain George I George II George III King 1760-1820 Quarreled with parliament over power His son was his regent (George IV) Parliament has most of the power in Great Britain Wealthy people Reason Great Britain prospered Parliament was willing to tax themselves Avoided the internal tension that was prevalent in the rest of Europe Sold treasury bonds at 3% interest to make money for war Louis XIV (1643-1715) Louis XV (1715-1773) Very young, had a regent Weak king, French lost power Louis XVI Went to war with the Americans and bankrupted France Parliament ran things
Set the stage for the revolution Austria – Habsburg family ruled 1711-1740 Charles VI ruled Had daughter Maria Theresa 1740 Maria Theresa took throne Had to prove she could rule Silesia – one of the most valuable pieces of real estate in eastern Europe Had unusually hard working and productive population Area between Prussia and Austria Prussia – Hohenzollen family ruled 1713-1740 Frederick-William was king Known as “The Sergeant King” Had son Frederick II 1740 – Frederick the Great took the throne and launched an attack on Austria to take Silesia Corresponded with Voltaire War of Austrian Succession (1740-1748) Austria allied with Great Britain Prussia allied with France Austria and Prussia fought a land war in eastern Europe Great Britain and France fought over the colonies Frederick II seized Silesia Seven Years War (1756-1763) Austria signed alliance with France and sealed it with promise of a royal marriage between Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette Austria signed other alliance with Russia Prussia signed alliance with Great Britain Prussia vs. Austria/Russia (land war) Great Britain vs. France (war in colonies) Prussia is clear winner in land war and keeps Silesia Great Britain is the clear winner in the colonies Had money from taxes 1763 – Canada is taken from France by Great Britain Russia 1682-1725 Peter the Great (Romanov family) ruled 98% of the population were serfs (peasants) and basically slaves Could be bought and sold, usually as families

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