In Class Notes - Test 2 - History 1003 Test 2 Pre-French...

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History 1003 – Test 2Pre-French Revolution1740Weatherbegan to improveExtended growing seasonBirth rate increased dramaticallyDeath rate decreasedIntroduction of the potato plant from AmericaPopulation of Europe roughly doubledPowers of Europe engaged in constant warfare1700-1714: War of Spanish Succession1720s: War of Polish Succession1740-1748: War of Austrian Succession1756-1763: Seven Years War1778-1783: American War3 main causes of the French RevolutionWarWar costs extreme amounts of moneyMust tax the population or borrow moneyPopulation increaseMore people, more poorDuring the 18thcentury Great Britain surpassed France as the predominant country inEurope1713 – Hanover family took power in Great BritainGeorge IGeorge IIGeorge IIIKing 1760-1820Quarreled with parliament over powerHis son was his regent (George IV)Parliament has most of the power in Great BritainWealthy peopleReason Great Britain prosperedParliament was willing to tax themselvesAvoided the internal tension that was prevalent in the rest of EuropeSold treasury bonds at 3% interest to make money for warLouis XIV (1643-1715)Louis XV (1715-1773)Very young, had a regentWeak king, French lost powerLouis XVIWent to war with the Americans and bankrupted FranceParliament ran things
Set the stage for the revolutionAustria – Habsburg family ruled1711-1740 Charles VI ruledHad daughter Maria Theresa1740 Maria Theresa took throneHad to prove she could ruleSilesia – one of the most valuable pieces of real estate in eastern EuropeHad unusually hard working and productive populationArea between Prussia and AustriaPrussia – Hohenzollen family ruled1713-1740 Frederick-William was kingKnown as “The Sergeant King”Had son Frederick II1740 – Frederick the Great took the throne and launched an attack on Austria to takeSilesiaCorresponded with VoltaireWar of Austrian Succession (1740-1748)Austria allied with Great BritainPrussia allied with FranceAustria and Prussia fought a land war in eastern EuropeGreat Britain and France fought over the coloniesFrederick II seized SilesiaSeven Years War (1756-1763)Austria signed alliance with France and sealed it with promise of a royal marriagebetween Louis XVI and Marie AntoinetteAustria signed other alliance with RussiaPrussia signed alliance with Great BritainPrussia vs. Austria/Russia (land war)Great Britain vs. France (war in colonies)Prussia is clear winner in land war and keeps SilesiaGreat Britain is the clear winner in the coloniesHad money from taxes1763 – Canada is taken from France by Great BritainRussia1682-1725 Peter the Great (Romanov family) ruled98% of the population were serfs (peasants) and basically slavesCould be bought and sold, usually as families

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History, French Revolution, Otto Von Bismarck, The Wealth of Nations, Crimean War, Louis XVI of France, Napoleon III of France, Franco Prussian War

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