08 Fall 2007 Media Law Chapter 16

08 Fall 2007 Media Law Chapter 16 - Media Law Freedom of...

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Media Law Media Law
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Freedom of Speech Freedom of Speech Today we have freedom of speech and a free press in America. But governments throughout history have jailed or killed journalists for what they write. Between 2000 and 2006 580 journalists killed Recent survey of 192 countries found: 73% of people in world live in country where press is not completely free 71 nations have no press freedom press controlled by government jail, intimidation and execution control news media
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Freedom of the Press Freedom of the Press In U.S., right to criticize or make fun of elected officials, politicians, police is often taken for granted. Guaranteed by the First Amendment.
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The First Amendment, Bill of The First Amendment, Bill of Rights, U.S. Constitution, 1791 Rights, U.S. Constitution, 1791 “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
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Newspapers Must Use This Newspapers Must Use This Freedom Responsibly Freedom Responsibly Not all forms of speech are protected under the Constitution. Obscenity Libel
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News Must Be True To Be News Must Be True To Be Protected By The Constitution Protected By The Constitution Zero tolerance for errors in news media. One reason: Libel. Libel: biggest legal concern of newspapers. Libel: one reason accuracy is so important. Truth is the best defense against libel. Also, without accuracy, credibility is lost. Errors can occur due to: false information supplied by sources must double-check and confirm all information careless reporting/writing always double check information
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Libel Libel Libel : a false statement that holds a person up to public ridicule, contempt or hatred or injures a person’s business or occupation. defamation of character in print or in a broadcast written script online postings
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How Can We Identify Libel? Is the published information or accusation untrue? Did it hurt reputation of identifiable person? Was newspaper negligent or reckless in failing to insure accuracy of information? If yes to any questions, may be libel.
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course MCOM 101 taught by Professor Turowski during the Fall '06 term at Towson.

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08 Fall 2007 Media Law Chapter 16 - Media Law Freedom of...

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