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311C F08 Worksheet_3+A - NAME_KEY DiscussionWorksheet#3...

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NAME______________ KEY ____________ BIO 311C F08 Discussion Worksheet #3 Macromolecules – 1 1. Name of the chemical reaction that breaks a polymer down to its individual monomers. Hydrolysis 2. Name of the chemical reaction used to build polymers by joining individual monomers together. Dehydration reaction (type of condensation reaction 3. Name the monomers used to build each of the following macromolecules: a. Lipids: None, lipids are not polymers b. Carbohydrates: monosaccharides c. Proteins: amino acids d. Nucleic Acids: nucleotides 4. Name the type of bond used to covalently link monomers/subunits in each of the following. Between which functional groups does each form? a. Carbohydrates: glycosidic linkage between 2 hydroxyl groups b. Lipids: no monomers; ester linkage joins fatty acids (carboxyl) and glycerol (hydroxyl) 5. List two major functions for each macromolecule listed below a. Carbohydrates: energy storage; structural support, cell communication b. Lipids: energy storage, cushioning, membrane structure, cell communication 6. Put these glucose polymers in order, from least branched (1) to most branched (3).
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