Nomenclature of Binary Covalent Compounds

Nomenclature of Binary Covalent Compounds - Number Prefix 1...

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Nomenclature of Binary Covalent Compounds Nonmetals can combine with other nonmetals to make covalent compounds. Binary covalent compounds contain two nonmetals. Because nonmetals can share electrons in covalent bonds many different ways, it is necessary to specify the number of each element in the compound. For example: CO = carbon mon oxide CO 2 = carbon di oxide. The prefixes tell how many oxygens are combined with carbon in the covalent compound. Here is a list of the prefixes used in Covalent Nomenclature:
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Unformatted text preview: Number ... Prefix 1 mono not used for the first element in the compound 2 di 3 tri 4 tetra 5 penta 6 hexa 7 hepta 8 octa 9 nona 10 deca Binary covalent compounds always end in ide : carbon monox ide , carbon diox ide . There are a few exceptions to the above, when the common name is so well known that no one uses the formal name. For our purposes these are: water ... H 2 O ammonia . .. NH 3...
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