Lecture_02_Foundation_of_Individual_Behavior

Lecture_02_Foundation_of_Individual_Behavior - Foundation...

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Foundation of Individual Behavior
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Outline Biographical Characteristics Ability Values Attitudes Cognitive Dissonance Theory Personality Personality Fit
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Biographical Characteristics Age Positive qualities: Concern: Does productivity decline with age? The demands of most jobs are not extreme enough for any declines in physical skills due to age to have an impact on productivity Older workers (50 and over) want to learn and are just as capable of learning as any other employee group. They may take longer to train, but once trained, they perform at comparable levels to younger workers.
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Biographical Characteristics (Cont d) Gender There are few, if any, important differences between men and women that influence their job productivity and satisfaction Women have higher rates of absenteeism than men do
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Ability Individual s capacity to perform the various tasks in a job Current assessment of what one can do Types of abilities Intellectual ability: ability needed to perform mental work Physical ability: ability required to do tasks demanding stamina, strengths, and so forth. Not everyone is equal in ability, everyone has strengths and weaknesses Some better suited for a job than others Self-efficacy
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Stable, long-lasting beliefs about what is important to the individual Generally influence our perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors Types of values Desired end-state of existence that we think are worth striving for (e.g., happiness) Desirable modes of behavior that help us reach the objectives
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course QBA 101 taught by Professor Gnay during the Spring '08 term at Seoul National.

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Lecture_02_Foundation_of_Individual_Behavior - Foundation...

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