Ch 15 notes - Ch 15 Absolutism Absolutism o Political theory that encouraged rulers to claim complete sovereignty within their territory o Key

Ch 15 notes - Ch 15 Absolutism Absolutism o Political...

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Ch. 15 Absolutism Absolutism o Political theory that encouraged rulers to claim complete sovereignty within their territory. o Key institution: Absolute monarch + Divine right to rule w/ centralized bureaucracy o Theory: Absolutism was necessitated by the flaws of human nature. o Reality: Society was divided, chaotic, and at war. Absolutism was thought to be able to bring order to European life. Why Absolutism? o Brings social order o Brings political harmony o Trade privileges for allegiance King has control over everything, common-noble. In colonies, over goods and slaves. Louis XIV poster child of absolutism Models of Absolutism o Royal Absolutism (France) o Constitutional Absolutism (England) o Enlightened Absolutism (Prussia/ Austria/ Russia) Why the Consolidation of Absolutism? o Religious wars (Reformation) o Bureaucracy (Government) o Notion of Divine Right (Order) o Decline of the Catholic Church Mercantilism o All economic activity is for the benefit of the home country.
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  • Spring '16
  • Garcia
  • Sovereignty, Louis XIV, Constitutional monarchy, Absolute monarchy, Monarchy

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