Outline for Jewish Civilzation

Outline for Jewish Civilzation - Outline for Jewish...

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Outline for Jewish Civilization 15/02/2006 17:21:00 Hamurabi 200BCE king of Babylon “eye for an eye…” story of Gilgamesh similar to Noah’s Ark King Solomon 961 BCE expanded Israelite Kingdom 586 BCE Nebuchadnezar brings down Temple Fall of Jerusalem to Babylonians Bible Tanach o Torah: five books o Nevi’im: prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel o Ketuvim: writings Syrus of Persia beats Babylonian Kingdom permits Jews to return to Jerusalem and build temple helps build second temple
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Diaspora Jews living outside of Israel The Persian World 538: Jews were allowed to return, Jews living in Babylonia Mishna 200BCE to 200CE developed by rabbis (the TANNAIM) to clarify ambiguities of the bible leads to the Talmud Talmud 200CE to 400CE By the AMORAIM Babylonian in Aramaic Palestine in Hebrew (?) Hasmonean Period 330 BCE o Alexander conquered Judea o Hellenized the Jews (easy because the Jews wanted to be like the Greeks) o Greek idea of perfection: unchanged (not circumcised) Many Jewish men reversed their circumcisions Judea becomes a Greek City (Antiochia) Herod the Great 37 BCE Loyal to Roman interests and devoted to Hellenistic culture
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Supported Marc Antony Destruction of the Second Temple in 70CE Dead sea scrolls: oldest manuscript of Toah Channeled Messianism Messianic figures arise out of moments of great despair Example: Jesus Example: Bar Kokhba around 130 (his revolution was in 135) Massada Zelots at Massada in 73 Rally by Eleazer ben Yair- “better to die as freemen than to live as slaves” All committed suicide Documented by Josephus Synagogue Center of Jewish life Where people studied and assembled Persists determined partrialineally (I made that word up) Rabbinic period begins Iraq Center of Judaism shifted to Iraq after destruction of second temple By 135 Diaspora is complete, very few people living in Judea Hadrianic Period
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Time of the mishna Ten Martyrs Jews in the Islamic World Mohammad- Jews are “people of the book” Caliphs called Jews and Christians “dhimmi” Exilarch- leading Jewish nobleman (king/governor) o People bring taxes to him, he brought taxes to caliph Talmudic academies- Sura, Pumbaditha, Nehardia Jews prospered when Muslims had conquests B’nai Metira- Jewish banking families Movement of Muslim world across North Africa into Iberia 711- go into Spain, wipe out Visigoth rule Jews determination to not accept Christian Messiah and due to deicide Jews are EVIL and DEMONIC!
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Outline for Jewish Civilzation - Outline for Jewish...

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