amphib nat history - SALAMANDER NATURAL HISTORY Order...

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SALAMANDER NATURAL HISTORY Order Caudata (salamanders and newts) Cryptobranchidae Cryptobranchus alleganiensis (hellbender) - fleshy fold of skin (costal grooves) - Habitat: rivers/large streams with large rocks/debris - Similar Species: mudpuppies and waterdogs - Range: TN, KY, WV, sw VA, s OH, w NY - Conservation: disappeared from large range due to pollution and silt Proteidae Necturus maculosus (mudpuppy) - external gills -sports large and few - 4 toes - belly grayish w/ dark spots - Habitat : lakes, ponds, rivers, streams - Food: fish, fish eggs, crayfish, aq insects, mollusks - Range: very sw Va, Il --> Oh Amphiumidae Amphiuma means (two-toes amphiuma) - two pairs tiny, useless legs - Habitat: ditches, sloughs, pools, ponds, swamps, streams - Food: worms, insects, small fish, snakes, frogs - Range: coastal plain of Va--> Fl Sirenidae Siren lacertina (greater siren) - external gills -barely see legs - Habitat: shallow-water, ditches, muddy ponds - Food: crayfish, worms, small fish, mollusks - Range: Washington DC to Fl and Al Ambystomatidae - mole salamanders (stay underground) - congregate in temporary pools after early spring rains for courtship Ambystoma opacum (marbled salamander) -"banded salamander" - Habitat: moist sandy areas to dry hillsides - Breeding: breed in Autumn; deposits eggs in seasonal ditches; guarded by female Ambystoma jeffersonianum (Jefferson salamander) - bluish color - long toes, long snout, slender - Breeding: early spring - Range: s NY --> w VA, cen KY, s Ind Ambystoma maculatum (spotted salamander)
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- Breeding: early spring; comes out in swarms to woodland ponds on first warm rain - Range: Nova Soctia; s Ga and e Tx; isolated in e NC and nw Ill Salamandridae - costal grooves indistinct -essentially aquatic Notophthalmus v. viridescens (red-spotted newt) - Habitats:
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