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Exam_3 - Exam 3 Review Sheet 1 What is prejudice...

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Exam 3 Review Sheet 1. What is prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination? How are these concepts distinct from each other? a. Prejudice: negative feelings towards members of a group based on group membership b. Stereotypes: a belief about the personal attributes of a group of people c. Discrimination: negative behavior towards members of a group d. Different by italicized words 2. Why are stereotypes useful and why are they harmful? a. Cognitive short cuts, which condense information, and is shared knowledge b. Problems i. Exaggerate differences between groups 1. Underestimate similarity 2. Outgroup homogeneity: tendency to assume similarity between outgroup members 3. Illusory correlation ii. Self-fulfilling stereotypes: confirmation bias iii. Bias for prejudice and discrimination 3. What are the effects of stereotype suppression? a. Skinhead study: participants shown picture, write a paragraph (if you met with the skinhead, where would you sit?) describing him, either told not to use stereotypes or not told anything. i. RESULTS: suppression participants sat further away b. Rebound effect: “don’t think of...” makes you think about that thing more, stereotypes have stronger effect after suppression 4. What personality variables affect prejudice? a. Authoritarian personality (obedience and respect towards parents is what good children should have) i. Shows correlation towards multiple prejudices b. Social dominance orientation i. Believe some groups are inherently better than others, one wants to be on the top ii. Favor hierarchy (tax cuts for the wealthy, against affirmative action) 5. What is the relationship between self-esteem and prejudice? How does terror management theory explain prejudice? a. Prejudice occurs when self esteem is threatened b. Terror Management Theory i. Knowledge of death produces terror cultural worldview manages terror threats to worldview increase terror- “maybe my own beliefs aren’t correct.” SO people derogate those who are different from them to decrease terror
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Exam 3 Review Sheet 6. How does realistic group conflict theory explain aggression? a. Limited resources leads to competition b. Competition leads to prejudice and discrimination c. Study: campers separated into groups, hostility arises over limited prizes 7. What the cognitive and motivational sources of prejudice?
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