Art History - Art History 28/08/2006 14:29:00 Lascaux...

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Art History 28/08/2006 14:29:00 Lascaux FRANCE series of images discovered in 1940 begin hundreds of feet into the cave. Was not lived. Done with raw pigments such as rocks and charcoal hollowed out bones and such. Closed in the 1960. 1970’s had an air conditioning but further. Bulls done in full silhouette or full outline ( most common f Paleolithic art) done at different times. Twisted perspective- give a more realistic feel to the drawing ( the bulls have two horns and 4 legs instead of the usual one horn and two legs) try to give you more information than the standard optical approach. Do not know the exact purpose of the drawings. Trying to depict the natural strength of the animals. Located deep inside 15,000 to 13,000 bc wounded hunter disemboweled bison instead of just random images there are related images depicting a story. 3ft across trying to depict emotions. Only depiction of man in the cave and it is one of the earliest depictions of man. Neolithic era 8,000 BC The new stone age is marked by the domestication of animals and farming. Humans in this period begin to build fixed home and cluster them together like clans or groups. This transition beings in the near east. The oldest known settlements are in Mesopotamia ( between tigers and Euphrates. Find evidence of metalwork and weaving and even possibly simple accounting. The great stone tower in Jericho 8,000 to 7,000 bc first stone wall. 12-15 ft thick and 13ft tall first known stone fortifications. Shows organizational skills. Beginning of civilization. Township, planning, what is the function, design, building skills, changes greatly from the Paleolithic era. Begins the construction of monumental architecture. Chatlhoylk earliest example of civilization. Obsidian was very abundant around this area so the development of commerce. All the houses are connected and the only entrances are on the roof. Makes the city very strong defensively. The dead were buried beneath the floors of the homes. One of the houses had a painting landscape with volcanic eruption 6100 BC possible.
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Stonehenge, Salisbury England 2550- 1600 BC It is referred to as a megalithic monument. Derived from the word henge which means an arrangement of stones in a circle also called a cromlech which is exclusive to the British isles constructed of post and lentils. Stonehenge is 100ft in diameter it is consisting of the Henge Aubrey holes sarsen stones forming a horse shoe which is surrounded by the outer sarsen stones and outside of all the circles is the heel stone all facing east. The heel stone is the exact mark at where the sun rises on the summer solstice. This monument has astronomical features that lets it show solar and lunar astronomical patterns Near East- Mesopotamia AKA the fertile crescent The first place to find writing and even literature. This also is the start of the three most prominent religions Judaism, Christianity. This had a series of city states that rose and fell. No serious focus on the afterlife such as in Egypt.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course ARH 2059 taught by Professor Margaretzaho during the Winter '07 term at University of Central Florida.

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Art History - Art History 28/08/2006 14:29:00 Lascaux...

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