Test One - Criminology Test One Houston New Orleans:...

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Criminology Test One October 4, 2006 New Orleans is returning to Pre-Katrina homicide levels, partly due to “thuggery.” Houston    New Orleans: migration,, location, drugs, turf wars Crime and Criminality What does the media promote and describe as “crime?” o “if it bleeds, it leads.” What do official statistics inform us about “crime?” o Get arrested and arrest is recorded   put in jail or lock up OR o Sent to prison Who is not covered well or at all by official statistics? o crime (socially, financially) than by street crime The Saints and the Roughnecks The Saints o Upper Class, do well in school o Engage in more street crime than the roughnecks o Less visible o Better networks- know the cops, etc. o Better persona- “oh he’s a good boy…” The Roughnecks o Working class kids  o Failed later in life
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o Arrested at least once each o No cars, less resources   couldn’t go to the “big city” to drink, had to stay local,  etc. Why did the Saints succeed? o State of mind, group mentality, positive state of mind, positive support from  community o Generational  “age out” o Other’s biases (teachers wanted  saints to succeed, overlooked wrongdoings, etc.) o Resources and visibility Criminality versus social control Criminality: action or behavior o Why do people commit crimes? How much? How can we measure? Social Control: police behavior, laws and confinement o Why are certain laws made? Why are certain laws enforced? Why do police arrest  certain people?  o Ex: suppression of statistics due to an election Becoming a statistic… Visibility o Social: class, race, ethnicity o Physical: have a car, etc. o Creates vulnerability for certain people to arrest and punishment Socially organized (networks)  o Fraternities use former Greeks that are successful lawyers o Victim vs. Network/Organization
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“Status Crimes” o acts that are not legal if under age (normally 21) such as drinking, curfews, not  going to school, etc. Criminal Justice Process o 1. Arrest o 2. Arraignment o 3. Preliminary hearing (for felonies) o 4. Presentment to grand jury (felonies) o 5. Arraignment on indictment (felonies) o 6. Pre-trial hearings o 7. Trial o 8. Pre-sentence investigations o 9. Sentencing  Washington DC 1980 Felony chart o Felonies committed: 80,000 o Felonies reported to police: 40,000 o Arrests made: 20,000 a. Arraignments b. Probably cause hearings c. Plea bargaining o Indicted for felony: 8,000 a. Plea bargaining
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o Trial for felony: 4,000 o End up in prison: 983
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/25/2008 for the course SOCI 130 taught by Professor Huggins during the Fall '06 term at Tulane.

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Test One - Criminology Test One Houston New Orleans:...

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