Centenial Exposition held in Philly

Centenial Exposition held in Philly - Chapter 18-The...

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Chapter 18—The Industrial Society 1 Centenial Exposition held in Philly: occupied 180 buildings and attracted 9 million visitors, about 1/5 of the countries population at the time. Linoleum, root beer, the exotic banana, bicycle. Machinery was the focus—telephone, whirring machines turned out bricks, chewing tobacco, and other products. Typewriters, elevators, railroad air brakes, Corliss engine—a giant steam engine. Industrial Development Fed by an abundance of natural resources: coal, iron, timber, petroleum, waterpower. Nearly 8 million immigrants arrived in the 1870s and 1880s; another 15 million came between 1890 and 1914—large figures for a nation whose total population in 1900 was about 76 million people. Eager to promote economic growth, government at all levels—federal, state, and local—gave manufacturers money, land, and other resources. Other benefits flowed from the American system of government: stability, commitment to the concept of privae property, and initially at least, a reluctance to regulate industrial activity. Entrepreneurs: taking steps crucial for industrialization, the organized, managed, and assured the financial risks of the new enterprises. Admirers called them captains of industry; foes labeled them robber barons. Concentrated in the NE, where in 1890, more than 85% of America’s manufactured goods originated. The more sparsely settled west provided raw materials, while the south, although making major gains in iron, textiles, and tobacco, had to rebuild after wartime devastation.
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Chapter 18—The Industrial Society 2 Between 1865 and 1914, the real gross national product—the total monetary value of all goods and services produced in a year, with prices held stable—grew at a rate of more than 4% a year, increasing about eightfold overall. An Empire on Rail Revolution in transportation and communication. The railroad, the telegraph, the telephone, and the steamship had wrought enormous changes. Steamship sliced in half the time of the Atlantic crossing and, not dependent on wind and tide, introduced new regularity in the movement of goods and passengers. The telegraph, flashing messages almost instantaneously along miles of wire transformed communications, as did the telephone a little later. The railroad worked the largest changes of all. Along with Bessemer steel, it was the most significant technical innovation of the century. “Emblem of Motion and Power” Railroad: advantages of the railroad included more direct routes, greater speed, greater safety and comfort than other modes of land travel, more dependable schedules, a larger volume of traffic, and year-round service. Building the Empire
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course AMH 2020 taught by Professor Michelleadams during the Spring '06 term at University of Central Florida.

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Centenial Exposition held in Philly - Chapter 18-The...

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