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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 16 Addictive Substances Addiction Defined A compulsive psychological need for a drug (chemical dependence) or behavior. Causes Poor coping skills Environment Heredity Addictive Behaviors Reinforcement leading to craving Loss of control Escalation Negative outcomes Substance Abuse Recurrent drug use resulting in a failure to perform major responsibilities at work, home, or school Continued drug use despite social or personal problems caused by the effects of the drug Recurrent drug use in a situation where the drug imposes physical danger to the individual Recurrent legal problems associated with the drug use Risk of Drug Addiction Factors that determine risk: Type of drug Genetics psychological make-up Social factors Alcohol Most widely used recreational drug in the U.S. Although used to get high, it is actually a depressant Slows the central nervous system and the functioning of the brain Impaired vision Slowed reaction time Impaired motor coordination Blood Alcohol Concentration determines level of central nervous system depression. Blood Alcohol Concentration Determined by the following: Amount of alcohol consumed Your body weight The rate of alcohol metabolism Table 16.1 page 409 Chronic Abuse Liver disease Cirrhosis, total liver failure...
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course HHP 110 taught by Professor Walters during the Fall '07 term at Fort Hays.
- Fall '07