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Chapter 16 notes

Chapter 16 notes - Chapter 16 Addictive Substances...

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Chapter 16 Addictive Substances Addiction Defined  A compulsive psychological need for a drug (chemical dependence) or behavior. Causes Poor coping skills Environment Heredity Addictive Behaviors    Reinforcement leading to craving Loss of control Escalation Negative outcomes Substance Abuse  Recurrent drug use resulting in a failure to perform major responsibilities at work, home,  or school Continued drug use despite social or personal problems caused by the effects of the  drug Recurrent drug use in a situation where the drug imposes physical danger to the  individual  Recurrent legal problems associated with the drug use Risk of Drug Addiction  Factors that determine risk:
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Type of drug Genetics  psychological make-up Social factors Alcohol  Most widely used recreational drug in the U.S. Although used to “get high”, it is actually a depressant Slows the central nervous system and the functioning of the brain Impaired vision Slowed reaction time Impaired motor coordination Blood Alcohol Concentration determines level of central nervous system depression. Blood Alcohol Concentration  Determined by the following: Amount of alcohol consumed Your body weight The rate of alcohol metabolism Table 16.1  page 409 Chronic Abuse  Liver disease Cirrhosis, total liver failure
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