final - Final Erikson Sara Weinreb Epigenetic principle:...

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Final Sara Weinreb Erikson Epigenetic principle: there are critical periods for resolving certain crises, once the period is over you cannot go back Stages o Trust vs. mistrust: attachment theory, one must develop the expectation that one’s need will be met o Autonomy vs. shame and doubt: environment to be self- capable, capacity for exploration o Initiative vs. guilt: taking risks, pushing oneself without an authority figure o Industry vs. inferiority: setting oneself up to succeed versus having the feeling that you can’t do things on your own o Identity vs. role confusion: how you fit in, who you are, depends on varied experiences o Intimacy vs. isolation: finding a partner o Generativity vs. stagnation: looking back at life and accomplishments and determining if you have contributed something to society o Ego integrity vs. despair: death, religion, spirituality Impact of Domestic Violence on Adolescents delayed effect: when a parent remarries and then there is domestic violence, this can still effect the child sense of expectations: this is what a relationship is like (violent) late onset of violence due to feeling in marriage that they are unhappy, they have not accomplished what they wanted to Physical Child Abuse Definition: assault or threat of assault Assault is subjective: assault versus good parenting o Example: corporal punishment, is this assault? Discipline results in marks or bruises can either be assault or corporal punishment
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Does crime = punishment? Depends on perception of people involved Impulse versus controlled discipline, explaining the punishment Look for patterns in abuse Moral Development Kohlberg Stages o Pre-conventional level: right versus wrong based on if you are caught and punished o Conventional level: self interest, buying into social contract and agreed upon moral values Stage three: out of loyalty to people we care about Defining issues test is a morality test o Post-Conventional level: altruism Post 1ing: taking baby steps from one Kohlberg stage at a time Sex offenders are stuck in stage one and two, they rationalize what they do Perspective taking: taking on another perspective than you own, understanding its legitimacy. Relating their crimes to their personal experiences. For example, child sex offenders in prison are likely to get the most crap because the other prisoners have kids they want to protect. Parenting and moral development o we don’t screen people to allow them to have kids o parents could be stuck in stages one and two and not care about their kids (become authoritarian), could lead to abuse o tolerance negatively effects self-interest Sexual Abuse and Sexual Assault How kids cope o Dissociative disorder: in the middle of a traumatic event you step outside of your personality to cope with the trauma
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Two or more personalities Core personality Abused personality (deals with the trauma)
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final - Final Erikson Sara Weinreb Epigenetic principle:...

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