Communism in CEE

Communism in CEE - Communism in Central and Eastern...

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Communism in Central and Eastern Europe 16/01/2008 09:36:00 Communism in CEE- political change in central and Eastern Europe 1. the installation of communist regimes in Central and EE general trends and two case studies (Romania and Albania) how did comm. become only political Sys.? Function of WW2- pre ww2 there  were few indigenous comm. movements (sauf Bulgaria) o Bulgaria-Dymitrov- started Bulgarian communist movement 2 structural factors- o 1. battle of Moscow- pushed Nazis back across Europe battle of Stalingrad- Nazis pushed back to Berlin- soviets take  Berlin 1945- creates massive sphere of influence- red troops  remain on ground in areas they pushed thru. o 2. Collapse of Fascism- lost legitimacy, run over by war. Weak capacity to oppose soviet influence in region. 3 phases in the installation of communism o broad, left-wing coalitions government,(1944-45) soviets then lean on  these coalition govt and placed soviets in powerful places within the  govt. (dept. of interior- take over police) o formation of “bogus” coalition govt- dominated by soviets  o once they had imp strategic positions then they could weaken and ban  all other political parties- arrests and show trails of leaders to  opposition (agrarian, democratic, peasant parties) Installing Communism: Romania- model for most areas o Ww2- had a German fascist alliance, king led a 1944 coup to military  fascist govt to weaken Germany- by est. coalitions govt
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Communism in CEE - Communism in Central and Eastern...

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