16th and 17th art - midterm notes

16th and 17th art - midterm notes - 17th and 18th c. art...

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17 th and 18 th c. art Thursday, August 30, 2007 Renaissance to Baroque Tibaldi, Adoration of the Shepards, 1549 -This is NOT what it looked like when the shepards came to visit Christ -there was an emphasis on the artificiality of the image Mannerisma as Disquiet Pontomro, Entombment, 1525-28 -2 figures are carrying Christ’s body to his tomb -Mary is in her typical blue robes, weeping -The people in the picture are in awkward poses (i.e. tuptoes) -They are wearing light blue, yellows, violets, artificial exaggerated colors -in Mannerism space gets oddly compressed and squeezed Dutch Mannerism Joachim Wtewael, Mars and Venus discovered by the Gods, 1605 -a bed chamber, Mars and Venus are discovered in their affair, ah! Scandalous! -The bodies are all bent in odd, “artfull” ways -mannerists artists emphasized art to the extreme, sometimes to absurd ends Netherlandish Mannerism Van Hemessen, Calling of Mathew, 1540 -Who matthew is, is nto clear. Maybe the one in the red? Early Baroque, Engagement with reality Caravaggio, Entombment, 1602-03 -the background is dark, but it doesn’t seem like an uncertain space -Caravaggio organized his space well -there is a sense of clarity -the main figure is the subject, it’s pretty easy to understand whats going on. -No one is there, just taking up space -Only the key elements are present -they are all standing on the tombstone, a very concrete plane on which everyone is planted -Caravaggio introduces a new type of realism And he leads into Baroque… Baroque comes from Barocco , a Portuguese word for an imperfect, or irregularly shaped pearl. Means to be ugly or to be exaggerated, which is what baroque art is, exaggerated. High Baroque Bernini, Ecstasy of St. Theresa, 1645-52
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-St. Theresa is being pierced by a golden arrow symbolizing God’s love -She fainted from the simultaneous pain and pleasure -Bernini, makes her robes all fold-y. Lots of movement, etc. But people during the Baroque period still looked to Ren. style as perfection, what art should be. High Baroque-Spectacle Bernini, triumph of the Chair of St. Peter, 1657 -a hybrid of sculpture and architecture -4 figures (father sof the church) are supporting the throne, which is made of bronze. -Behind them is carved and gilt wood. And in the middle is a real window. -He used real light to represent the light of God. In the Baroque artists are working towards extreme reactions, sensationalism. Caravaggio, Judith Slaying Holofernes, 1598-99 -Judith slept with Holofernes and cut his head off to save her people The idea of conceit, High Baroque What we consider art history did not begin until the late 19 th c. Art before the 19 th century was taught through a system of apprenticeships. Also before the 19 th c., a lot of artists didn’t sign their paintings. Paintings couldn’t really be compared until photographs were invented. Different artists works are sprinkled all over the place.
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16th and 17th art - midterm notes - 17th and 18th c. art...

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