17th and 18th Century Art Dutch

17th and 18th Century Art Dutch - 17th and 18th Century Art...

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17 th and 18 th Century Art - Dutch 1581 – Union of Protestant Stares, declare independence 1609 –Twelve years Truce – recognized freedom of Dutch states 1621 – War with Spain resumed 1648 – Treaty of Munster – Marked final and total recognition of Dutch States The Dutch Golden Age What is the art for this new republic is going to produce, what the culture is supposed to look like, how do they define themselves culturally - Most art they had before was paid for by the Catholic Church, but if there is no catholic church who pays for the art? - They became amazing at commerce and trading that span the globe - Dutch ships went as far as the Orient, India, Brazil and New Amsterdam - Holland had the highest per capita income in Europe - They standardized their currency, before people would trade - So what happened in painting was basically secular, not very religious and would reflect the values of the Protestant work ethic - The create genre scenes = depictions of everyday life Rembrandt - Born July 15, 1606 in Leiden, Neth - Died October 4, 1669, Amsterdam - He had a way to have his art look into people’s souls - Came from a fairly prosperous family, father born Catholic convert to Calvinism, though only one to do so - R was a bright young boy, at the age of 14 he was enrolled in the University of Leiden and he spent his early years here - He worked with a painter Pieter Lastman, he was an artist who had studied in Italy, when he came back to Holland he became one of the main guys for mythological scenes - His influence on his early art Tobit and Ana, 1626 - Greatest interpreter of the New Testament that ever existited - He saw the biblical drama in terms of universal human dramas, think he was a painter Shakespeare
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- Tried to create a sense of monumentality - Though at this time there is still a lot of detail in the fabrics and such Self Portrait of 1629 - The beginning of a subject that continued over his life, he produced a significant body of self portraits, and are highly revealing of the artist himself - You saw him age and change with time and character, so profoundly moving - This one you see no eyes or they are very dark - Another Self portrait 1626, though this one of his face you see a hint of his metal armor Old Man 1630 – we will see this in the Getty - Sometimes said to be his father - Though mostly just a model with a large floppy hat, which was a studio costume Rembrandt Surprised, Self Portrait 1630, etching - Primary means of artist expression - Etching allows you to work quickly used it a a spontaneous tool - He drew like no one else ever had - So he is making a dumb face, and it was a tronie, people wanted these, think cartoons - Not characture bu interesting faces Artist in his Studio, 1627-28 - A very small painting, about a piece of paper - Not sure why he did this piece - Though these small piece may have been prized - The room itself is very scarce, there is little furniture - R is looking at his creation, though you cannot see what he painted
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course ARHIST 422 taught by Professor Zakian during the Fall '08 term at Pepperdine.

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17th and 18th Century Art Dutch - 17th and 18th Century Art...

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