Lessonassignmentone - Radicals- Also known as Radical...

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Radicals- Also known as Radical Republicans believed blacks were entitled to the same politicalrights and opportunities as whites. They also believed that the Confederate leaders should bepunished for their roles in the Civil War. These people included the likes of PennsylvaniaRepresentative Thaddeus Stevens and Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner vigorouslyopposed Andrew Johnson's lenient policies.Ku Klux Klan-A secret society of white supremacists formed in Tennessee in 1866 to terrorizeblacks.the Klan had numerous branches in every southern state. Klansmen donned white sheetsand threatened, beat, and even killed newly freed blacks. Congress finally passed the Ku KluxKlan Act in 1871 to curb Klan activity and restore order in the South.Carpetbaggers-Many northerners jumped at the opportunity to move to the South in the wake ofthe Confederacy’s defeat. Commonly known as carpetbaggers because of their tendency to carrytheir possessions in large carpetbags, some moved from the North to promote education, othersto modernize the South, and others to seek their fortune.Sharecropping-Emancipation enabled southern blacks to rent their own plots of land, farmthem, and provide for their families. A system of sharecropping emerged in which many formerplantation owners divided their lands and rented out each plot, or share, to a black family. Thefamily farmed their own crops and rented their plot of land in exchange for a percentage of theircrop’s yield. Some poor, landless whites also became sharecroppers, farming lands owned bywealthy planter elites. By 1880, the vast majority of farmers in the South weresharecroppers.Many former slaves ended up sharecropping on land owned by their formermasters, and the system kept blacks tied to their shares—their rented plots of land—and therebyindebted to white landowners.Freedmen's Bureau-A government agency established by Congress in 1865 to distribute food,supplies, and confiscated land to former slaves. Although the bureau’s worth proved questionablebecause of corruption within the organization and external pressure from southern whitesGreenbacks-The Greenback party (also called the National Greenback party) was organized in1876 to campaign for expansion of the supply of paper money—"greenbacks"—first issued bythe federal government in 1862 to help pay for the Civil War. The idea that maintaining a flexiblesupply of paper money served the interests of working people, whereas paper money backed byspecie (hard money, like gold or silver) benefited only the rich, had been advanced by EdwardKellogg as early as 1841.Black Codes-Laws passed by southern states after the Civil War denying ex-slaves the completecivil rights enjoyed by whites and intended to force blacks back to plantations and impoverishedlifestyles.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Rand
Tags
US History, Civil War, Southern United States, Reconstruction era of the United States, newly freed blacks

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