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17th and 18th Century art Oct 16th Spain

17th and 18th Century art Oct 16th Spain - Spain 17th...

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Spain - 17 th Century “Golden Age” Isabella and Fernandez my their marriage unified Spain to real country 1469 – The Moors who were Muslim in the south, lots of wars between these two but finally, in 469 these two defeated the last Moors hold, and therefore put up a Christian country, mainly Catholic - They also had an important role in the discovery of the new world, and therefore making a Spanish Empire which covered most of the Americas, including North and South - They got lots of commodities from the new world, like gold and silver - Spain and Portugal from these international endeavors became very wealthy - Habsburg Dynasty o Charles I, Philip II, Philip III, Philip IV, from 1516- 1665 o 1588 – Spanish Armada defeated by British forces in which they began to plummet o They required wealth from there imports their internal economy began to suffer - The Mountains separated it from the rest of Europe, even though they were very close, there was a physical separation - Spain also was in control of the Dutch, which gave them more art and variety Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights, 1505-10 - He had an almost fanatic like quality which influenced Spanish art - Also the immense detail of Flanders influenced Spanish art Jusepe de Ribera 1591-1652 “La Spagnoletto” - Began as an Italian artist and then moved to Spain and remained there until his death - Went to Spain in 1616 o Taste 1615 Man sitting with a plate of food, a genre scene one of everyday life Not a well dressed gentlemen, crud clothing It is actually in subject than first thought, it is a series of painting that depict the five senses This theme of the 5 sense was popular in the north in the Netherlands but usually with classical figures, the ideal but he make the subject very real and earthy Takes his depiction is naturalistic, unadorned manner Set against a dark background with an odd light, like Caravaggio look at Bacchus 1603
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He became a powerful follower of Caravaggio’s style brilliant spotlight n the figure against a dark background Very real, he is portly not fancy - Touch c 1615 o Showing an old man who is blind o He is holding a classical statue, the only way he can experience this is by feeling it his fingers are right over o Underneath him is a painting, which he cannot see, so Ribera is showing the importance of sculpture - Drunken Silenus 1626 o he was a follower of Bacchus, he is often therefore shown drunk o Important it marks a new acceptance for mythological subject in Spanish art o he is shown very large with very much of a beer belly o They are all drunk and he is getting more wine in his cup o He learned so much from Caravaggio, but he pushed it to the extreme - St. Jerome with Angel of Judgment 1626 o He is known for his hermit paintings, o St. Jerome was a fav. Subject of Rivera he painted over 40 different version of St.
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