2007-09-11 - 1. Renaissance, Humanism, the Republic of...

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1. Renaissance, Humanism, the Republic of Celtics 2. The French Revolution, “Enlightenment” : “home” of citizen , moral person, and economics 3. The Scientific Revolution: a. Nature as i. Mathematics ii. Causality iii. Physical Lows iv. Science as a profession Enlightenment: rational of the French revolution Revolution partly based on religion According to the church: religion should be based on faith, not reason Modernity increases religious pluralism a. Move in and out of religions Reformation is the road of religion becoming individual choice Religion becomes one possibility among many others Feudal period did not have this religious pluralism a. Total institution aka greedy institution i. Ex. Prison Very little life lived outside of the total institution Called total institution aka greedy institution because it requires basically one whole life Modern Society a. Religion is one institution among others Feudal Society a. Religion is the only institution 1) Renaissance, Humanism, the Republic of Celtics a. Starts in the upper Italian city-states i. Classical greek polis reborn 1. not in original but in reincarnation 2. renaissance of the roman republic ii. Two Renaissance iii. Renaissance of the Roman Republic iv. Renaissance of something else through the Roman Republic b. Feudal Economy i. Very little long distance trade ii. Very little money in circulation 1. most exchange was barter exchange c. Renaissance Economy i. Big increase in long distance trade ii. Banking system becomes much more prominent 1. finance capital banking emerges 2. deals with long distance transactions 3. money is increasingly visible
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4. long term financing of long distance trade 5. Leads to financing of the Industrial Revolution a. Mass production of consumer goods b. By use of inanimate goods/energy
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Fuchs during the Spring '07 term at UVA.

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2007-09-11 - 1. Renaissance, Humanism, the Republic of...

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