2007-10-25 - Legitimate Authority Its ideal...

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Legitimate Authority Its ideal types (Charasmatic, Traditional, Rational-Legal “Positive Law”, Variation in Bureaucracy) In reality forms of legitimate authority are always mixed They never exist in the purity of the ideal type The ideal types of legitimate authority are built similar similar to the ideal types of action Charismatic o Charisma Traditional o Responds to Traditional action Rational Legal Variations of Bureaucracy He analyzes forms of legitimate authority in comparison to occidental societies They are not just analytical tools, they are also an historical argument about the transition to authority Legitimacy means there has to be some degree of voluntary compliance on the behalf of those who follow and execute orders o A form of legitmate authority is not mere coercion o Ultimately, coercion and violence are something that any power structure has in case the legitimate one falls o Coercion and violence are last resorts o The more a power structure is seen as legitimate, the less likely the force of violence is needed o This power structure is more likely to succeed in the long run o What differs in legitimate orders is the source of that legitimacy They differ in the source Where it comes from What ground is it based o How legitimacy is secured Charasmatic Authority o The oldest way legitimacy is grounded o Webers historical model is the early Christian community structured around jesus and his disciples o Based on a belief or faith on the part of those that follow a leader that that leader has certain extraordinary and exceptional and unique qualities that make that leader very different and separate from ordinary human beings o In the eye of the beholder o Charisma does not exist in itself o It exists when it is recognized as such o The effectiveness of this authority is depends on the extent the leader has these qualities o Often charisma is seen to emerge from the relation with the realm of the divine, supernatural, transcendental
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o The leader is seen to be in close contact with a superhuman force which force that leader represents o He is seen as a instrument of a divine o He is through which the divine speaks and makes his will known o A charismatic leader is seen as the servant of the divine leader o Charismatic leaders are usually prophets o They lead by prophetic revelation o The prophecy reveals something A purpose A mission o The leader is seen a the spokesperson who reveals the divine mission o The charismatic movement sees itself as realizing a sacred purpose Advocating a sacred cause of its mission o Therefore members of charismatic movements have a high degree of enthusiastic commitment to the movement of which he stands for and what he is about o They have a uncompromising radicalness based on the sacredness of its mission To compromise the sacred is to discredit it The sacred is supposed to be protected against trespasses o The radical enthusiasm, the faith, stems from their belief that they act on
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2007-10-25 - Legitimate Authority Its ideal...

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