God & Good: Introduction to Christian Ethics Quiz Study GuideTHST 1060 01 & 02 / Midterm Exam / Prof. Nicholas R. Brown 10 multiple-choice (2 points each), 7 true/false (2 points each), 8 short answer (2 points each), 3 short essays (5 points each) – 65 points total Be able to list/distinguish/explain the following topics: morals, ethics, metaphysics, eudemonia, positivism, postmodernism, Old Testament/Hebrew Bible, New Testament, canon, exegesis, hermeneutics, deontology, natural law, categorical imperative, consequentialism, utilitarianism, hedons, dolors, pleasure principle, proportionalism, situation ethics, agape, social location, praxis Classical and Modern Ethics • What are morals • What is ethics • Plato’s understanding of metaphysics • Plato argues that individuals are composed of three principles. What are these three principles? • How does Plato see these three principles corresponding to classes of people? • Plato constructs a spectrum or hierarchy of “pure existence.” According tohim, which things possess a greater measure of pure existence and which a lesser measure? • How does Plato apply this hierarchy of “pure existence” to the human body and soul? • How does Plato interpret the allegory of the “cave” to humans and their quest for wisdom and goodness? • Aristotle’s understanding ofmetaphysics • Aristotle’s understanding of eudaimonia • What are two kinds of virtues that Aristotle identifies? • Are virtues natural according to Aristotle? • How does he think one acquires virtues? • According to Aristotle are virtues feelings, capacities, or states? • Aristotle discusses the importance of the mean, or striking a proper balance between deficiency and excess. How does he relate this idea of the mean to his discussion of virtues and moral goodness? • Does Aristotle think every action and feeling possess a mean? What are some that do not? The Ethical Distinctiveness of Jesus • Similarities between a classical and a Christian approach to ethics • What kind of “Christology” does Hauerwas claim early Christians had? • How do we come to know who Jesus is and what his kingdom is about according to Hauerwas? • What does Hauerwas mean when he says that “[w]e are called to be perfect like God[.]” (p.21)? • How are we to be like Jesus according to Hauerwas? • Who else besides Jesus does Hauerwas call Christians to imitate? • What does Calvin mean when he states that “we are not our own masters, but belong to God”? • How does belonging to God affect the human will according to Calvin? • How does belonging to God affect relationships with other people according to Calvin?