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2007-12-04 - Durkheimian Sociology 1 Encounters and...

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Durkheimian Sociology 1. Encounters and Interaction Rituals 2. A grid / group theory of social structure 3. variations in culture Encounters and Interaction Rituals in the core or durkheimian society is the theory of rituals o for durkheim, ritual is not a meaningless affair, it is how a community relates to the sacred o the ritual regulates a groups conduct and tells what is sacred o the ritual as it proceeds creates collective emotionally, which stores whatever the ritual focuses on with the energy of the group o the ritual is like charging the battery where the battery is the totem that is charged by the collective energy of the group thru ritual solidarity o is not a contract, or rational agreement, for durkheim is the emotional sense of mutual commitment and belonging o of course, most encounters are not rituals, we will call encounter, any episode of face to face interaction o rituals can only do what they do under copresence i. several people present being aware of each other and their presence (including bodies), they are physical affairs, not intellectual o in order to do what it does it requires copresence which is why there are no effective macro rituals o they rely on copresence o in large societies / modern, rituals become local affairs, the rituals and totems are local, they are not binding to the entire society encounter o an encounter, face 2 face, does not necessarily have to require what is needed for ritual, copresence o common focus of attention o some face 2 face encounters o most encounters do not acquire the emotional intensity that durkheim characterizes as a true ritual o most interactions thru the course of the day are too short lived and too unfocused for the ritual to be releveant o the casual greeting is an interaction, not a durk ritual, because it takes time to build, the collective excitement of the group o most encounters are not durk rituals interation rituals o some interactions do meet the requirements of a durk ritual, those are called interaction rituals o conversation o what do you observe when you observe conversation from the perspective of ???
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i. ones that study with durk approach, they see rhythmic synchronization ii. when you study convo in great detail they synchronize the physical and emotional ….inces of those involved in the ritual iii. the tone of voice that the participants use or fall into becomes mutually adjusted 1. in the beginning tone of voice is diff but over time it adjusts so that you have a common rhythm 2. which starts to look like a dance 3. the physical movements of those participating also become adjusted to each other, they are common orchestrated gestures 4. thiis occurs w/o the participants noticing, subconsciously, not planned 5. one can observe this emotional build up of bodily rhythms, gestures, eye blinking, and other adjustments 6. after a while such a conversations, which is rare, acquires a common sound and rhythm and in this sense it becomes similar to making music to them, 7.
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