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Unformatted text preview: HIZBALLAH "THE PARTY OF GOD" HIZBALLAH
Formed after Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982 Shia Muslim, strongly AntiIsrael and AntiWest Several thousand supporters, hundreds of operatives LOCATIONS Beirut and southern Lebanon Cells worldwide Material and Financial Support in the U.S. South America INFLUENCES
Iran and Militant Shiaism Ruhollah (Ayatollah) Khomeini (19021989) Iranian Revolution (1978 1979) Hassan Nasrallah (Current Leader) Believed in spreading Islam throughout the world West is illegitimate Martyrdom defines a true Muslim Goals Formation of a Shia Islamic State in Lebanon Social, Political, and Military Strategies used to accomplish objectives Destruction of Israel (Shaytan) Activities Active in Lebanese Politics, Hizballah also a political party Maintains a guerilla force in southern Lebanon, at war over Shebaa Farms & Golan Heights regions Raises funds and spreads its message in the US State Sponsorship Receive training and financial support from Iran and Syria Strong religious ties to Iran (both are Shia Muslim) DENIAL OF ATTACKS Terrorist acts often committed under pseudonyms Hizballah denies most terrorist attacks Islamic Jihad Organization claims credit HIZBALLAH ALIASES Islamic Jihad Organization Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine Organization of the Oppressed of the Earth Revolutionary Justice Organization Organization for the Defense of Free People TERRORIST ACTS Suicide truckbombing of US Embassy in Beirut, April 18, 1983 49 killed, 17 Americans Suicide truckbombing of US Marine Barracks in Beirut, October 23, 1983 Interests and Involvement in Iraq
Secondary Goal: Shia Region (Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, close ties to Syria Tactics: Shia death Squads tactic that has been used in the Middle East Majority is Shia in Iraq Payback for Sunni dominance and prosecution during Saddam ...
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- Fall '07