Theoretical perspectives.Intro to Soc

Theoretical perspectives.Intro to Soc - Theoretical...

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Theoretical perspectives Functionalist Traced to Emile Durkheim [19 th century France] and popularized by Talcott Parsons [20h century U.S.] Focus : social systems as a whole, how they operate and change, and their social consequences Assumptions : society functions like an organism with different parts playing a role in organization of social life Questions: o How is an aspect related to other aspects of the system? o What is its place in the overall system? o What kinds of consequences result from this? o How do consequences impact operation of the system and its cultural values? Consequences: o Dysfunctional : consequences that interfere with system and its values o Functional : consequences that contribute to system and its values o Manifest : anticipated o Latent : unintended Positivism : Approach to empiricism that claims any conclusion not based on observable data is meaningless
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Conflict Traced to Karl Marx [19 th century Europe], Max Weber [19 th and 20 th century Germany], Ida B. Wells and W.E.B. Du Bois [19
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