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This article was downloaded by: [Computing & Library Services, University of Huddersfield]On: 25 December 2014, At: 08:41Publisher: RoutledgeInforma Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registeredoffice: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UKInnovations in Education & TrainingInternationalPublication details, including instructions for authors andsubscription information:Hierarchical Task Analysis and TrainingDecisionsA. ShepherdaaLoughborough University , UKPublished online: 09 Jul 2006.To cite this article:A. Shepherd (1985) Hierarchical Task Analysis and Training Decisions, Innovationsin Education & Training International, 22:2, 162-176, DOI:10.1080/1355800850220209To link to this article:PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLETaylor & Francis makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the“Content”) contained in the publications on our platform. However, Taylor & Francis, ouragents, and our licensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to theaccuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the Content. Any opinions andviews expressed in this publication are the opinions and views of the authors, and arenot the views of or endorsed by Taylor & Francis. The accuracy of the Content should notbe relied upon and should be independently verified with primary sources of information.Taylor and Francis shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claims, proceedings, demands,costs, expenses, damages, and other liabilities whatsoever or howsoever caused arisingdirectly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to or arising out of the use of theContent.This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Anysubstantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing,systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. Terms &Conditions of access and use can be found at-conditions
Hierarchical Task AnalysisandTraining DecisionsA . Shepherd,Loughborough University,UKAbstract:Thetechniqueofhierarchical task analysis (HTA), proposedbyAnnettet al.(1971), which requirestheanalysttodescribeataskintermsof ahierarchyofoperationsandplans,isreviewedandexaminedas abasisformaking training decisions.Thebasic ideasasoriginally statedare in themain accepted, with some qualifications.The benefitofneutrally stated operationsisemphasizedas ameansofestablishing agreement betweentheanalystandthesponsorof thework, before more speculative human factor decisionsareundertaken.Thenecessityofplansas statementsof theconditions under which operationsarecarriedout isstressed.Thebenefitsof ahierarchicaldescriptionintermsofeconomyofanalysisand ameansofaccountingforcomplex performanceareoutlined.But thevalueofretainingtheinput-action-feedback classificationas anintegral partof HTA isquestioned.HTAfacilitatestraining designin anumberofways:byraising non-training issuesandthereby clarifying training content;byclarifyingtraining objectivesandrequiring training hypothesesto bestated routinely;and byindicatinghow thetrainingofevencomplex decision-making taskscan beprogrammed. While emphasizing thattheanalyst must often bringtobearother techniquesandknowledgeoftrainingtomake fulluse of HTA,suggestionsaremade regarding research intotraining classification schemes which could simplify training decisions

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