Final Exam - 1 What implications have secularization had...

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1. What implications have secularization had for Jewish identity? Secularization has allowed for more people to identify as Jewish; you don’t have to keep kosher, Shabbat, etc. to be considered Jewish Cultural instead of religious Cohen argues the opposite, he says that there is an “ethnic decline,” and “religious stability” (page 8) Jewish camps, youth groups- are not necessarily religious but provide a Jewish community, enable youths to surrounded by other Jews and hopefully marry within the faith Secularization & lack of Jewish education, has lead to an increase of inter marriage (the rate is around 47%, according to Cohen as of the 1990s) Secularization has also lead to polarization between the religious and secular, and created new types of Judaism o T’shuva movement grew out of the need to fight secularization and show the full extent to which religiosity should be carried out o You start small: keeping kosher, lighting candles o Personal journey and dedication to halacha o Strengthens group identity 2. What is meant by the claim that the Jewish way of life is prototypical? I hate this question Jews have endured lots of struggles, learn to adapt to society Jews in many parts of the world have acculturated but not assimilate, using their religion in the context of their new cultures o Ex: different tunes for the same prayers through out the world Have their own homeland, and always strived to return in the Diaspora Judaism is a “transformative phenomenon” (Lustig and Levenson, 97) Due to globalization and modernity, many people worldwide are living as most Jews have lived for centuries… the “wandering Jew” 3. Discuss and analyze the implications of globalization for Jewish identity. We need the newest things, but that isn’t good for a religion based on a text that is thousands of years old Loss of ‘faith in nationalism’ (lecture 8) Concept of the ‘glocal’ according to Robertson, we live out the global world in a local concept, we want to be worldly Group identity in a global world- based on common experiences, culture and struggles (biography means more than geography) Integration with other communities, both religious (Islam, Christianity) and secular (American, European society) Globalization challenges our traditions (keeping Shabbat is harder now that there are cell phones, cars, email) Judaism has an advantage in globalization because they are people of the Diaspora, they are used to adapting to different locations and different situations
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Formation of reform, reconstructionist, and conservative branches to deal with the changing world (driving to shul) 4. Compare and contrast the significance of Europe and the EU for European Jewish identity, and the USA for American Jewish identity.
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