Final guidline - FINAL REVIEW CHAPTERS 5 THRU 11 THE RISE...

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FINAL REVIEW CHAPTERS 5 THRU 11  THE RISE OF THE SYMPHONIC FILM SCORE (1930’s) Chapter 5 Max Steiner Major pioneer of original music for films                                  The first serious composer of the sound era. Called the father of film music. One of the first to use the click track method (The Informer, 1935) Very prolific composer, over 300 scores to his credit. He believed in catching almost everything, he “mickey-moused the action.” KING KONG This score by Steiner is deemed film music’s greatest achievement in the early 1930’s. This was one of the first times a Hollywood composer received on-screen credit as film composer. He wrote a descending three-note leitmotif for Kong. Gone With the Wind The bulk of the film score was based on American folk songs such as Civil War and Southern songs popular back then. Steiner used 5 orchestrators on this score and completed it in about four-week’s time, getting only about 15 hours of sleep the entire time! There were 11 principal themes, the most famous being the “Tara” theme . Selznick hired two additional film composers as a “back up” (Franz Waxman and Herbert Stothart) in case Steiner couldn’t meet the deadline. Franz Waxman Most prominent German musician to contribute to film scoring in Hollywood.                                       He became the head of music at Universal Studios. He moved to Warner Bros. with Korngold and Steiner. He placed great emphasis on orchestral color. He chose instruments to create the sounds that would match the style of the scene. The Bride of Frankenstein Established a new standard in the music of horror films.
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This was the most significant score Waxman composed while at Universal. This utilized the leitmotif technique for the monster and his bride. Alfred Newman One of the most powerful and influential musicians in the history of Hollywood music.                                        He was a composer, conductor, and an executive. He wrote the 20 th century Fox music logo in 1935. He ruled the 20 th century Fox music department from 1939 to 1960 with firm control and great authority. He was nominated 45 times for an Oscar. (He won 9). He composed 255 scores. He created the “ fox string sound ”…strings playing in their highest register. He liked fast vibratos. His forte was writing religious-oriented scores. His favorite score was The Song of Bernadette (1943). His score for Wuthering Heights was instrumental in making this film a masterpiece of romantic filmmaking.
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