312 paper - Emily Blum P312 Final Project Problem Solving...

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Emily Blum December 12, 2006 P312 Final Project Problem Solving Main Points: The combination of knowledge and skills in order to achieve certain goals. There are several different strategies used in problem solving, the most common  characteristics evolve from some form of the five-step IDEAL strategy, evaluated by  Bransford and Stein in 1993; o Identify problems and opportunities, Define goals and represent the problem, Explore  possible Strategies, Anticipate outcomes and act, and Look back and learn. Skills are taught through a series of steps, beginning with careful attention focused on what  problem needs to be solved, what resources are available, how the problem can be  represented visually, and then how to divide the problem into smaller steps. A key objective of problem solving is encouraging the students to think critically; make  rational decisions about possible solutions or differing opinions. Shaping My Philosophy: Looking back on experiences, trying to use something I’ve learned in the past to help  with a similar issue today, I’ve started to think that, unconsciously, I’ve constantly been using  aspects of problem solving in everything that I do. Granted, it may be the mathematician inside  of me, but I tend to look at everyday occurrences, and I continually find myself using basic  problem solving strategies in order to find possible solutions. Problem solving is one of the skills  that I believe people use throughout schooling and often unconsciously in their everyday life.  Future’s Relevance: Problem solving will be a very important aspect in my future classroom, obviously 
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312 paper - Emily Blum P312 Final Project Problem Solving...

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