S100 Exam 1 Study Guide Review

S100 Exam 1 Study Guide Review - Part 1: Multiple Choice...

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Part 1: Multiple Choice Chapter 1: The Sociological Perspective The Sociological Perspective : understanding human behavior by placing it within its broader social context. C. Wright Mills : discussed the influence of the application of the sociological perspective and was interested  in why people are in their current situations. Origins of Sociology Sociology : the scientific study of society and human behavior. Karl Marx : identified the association of the conflict perspective; focused on the relationship between  managers/owners and the workers. Emile Durkeim : influenced by the social aspects (communication); his most significant findings regarding  social facts and integration due to his suicide study. Max Weber : focused on the importance of understanding the subjective means of people’s experiences from  the individual’s perspective. Conflict Theory : a theoretical framework in which society is viewed as composed of groups that are  competing for scarce resources. Functionalist Theory : focuses on the big picture; how individual parts of society work and fit together and  fulfill functions on the macro-level. Symbolic Interactionism : a theoretical perspective in which society is viewed s composed of symbols that  people use to establish meaning, develop their views of the world, and communicate with one another. Goals of Science : identify social problems; make generalizations toward the wider population. o Explain  why something happened. o Make a  generalization , go beyond the individual case and make statements that apply to a broader  group or situation. o Predict , specify what will happen in the future in the light of current knowledge. Chapter 2: Culture Culture : the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material objects that are passed from one  generation to the next. Material Culture : the material objects that distinguish a group of people, such s their art, buildings,  weapons, utensils, machines, hairstyles, clothing, and jewelry. Non-Material Culture : a group’s ways of thinking (including its beliefs, values, and other assumptions about  the world) and doing (its common patterns of behavior, including language and other forms of interaction). Symbolic Culture : another term for non-material culture. Symbol : something to which people attach meanings and then use to communicate with others. Gesture
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course SOC-S 101 taught by Professor Everitt during the Summer '07 term at Indiana.

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S100 Exam 1 Study Guide Review - Part 1: Multiple Choice...

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