K50 2016 Mid-term Key Words - 1 The Three Kingdoms samguksagi recorded the history of the three kingdoms(minus Kaya all had kings with aristocratic

K50 2016 Mid-term Key Words - 1 The Three Kingdoms...

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1) The Three Kingdoms - samguksagi recorded the history of the three kingdoms (minus Kaya) - all had kings with aristocratic counsels that monopolized power Kogury ŏ (37 BCE-668 CE) - located in the northern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula and the southern and central parts of Manchuria. - Pyongyang, founded by Chumong (King T'aejo) and his followersegg birth, skilled archer - The greatest territorial expansion of Koguryo began during the reigns of King Kwanggaeto - Taejo started father-son succession to increase the power of royal family - unified with Buddhism - Lots of migration of people/culture/ideas - Great representative of early Korean civilization due to geographical dominion, military powers, cultural achievements like tomb wall paintings, political and religious authority, most consistent challenge to Chinese dominance Paekche (18 BCE-660 CE) - Where: in the southwest of the Korean Peninsula - Who: Onjo of Baekje, the son of Jumong, founded Baekje Kun Chogo expanded Paekche - What: Baekje holds a unique position in Korean history by virtue of its influence on the creation of Korean and Japanese culture. - Why: Close ties with Japan international trade established with Japan started dad-son succession ordered compiling of sogi (Paekche's history) Buddhism was huge/ impressive advances in religion and culture Silla (57 BCE-935 CE) - Who: Although it was founded by King Park Hyeokgeose, the dynasty was ruled by the Gyeongju Kim clan - Where: occupied most of the Korean Peninsula, Southeast - What: one of the world's longest lasting dynasties Chinhung expanded Silla and conquered Kaya Pophung instituted the bone-rank system and adopted Buddhism father-son succession, Bone Rank system, relatively gender equality, great state and military power, boom in trade/ science/ art, Buddhism flourishes, unified peninsula 2) King Kwanggaet’o (391-413) - Who: reigned at peak of Koguryo power - Name meaning: King-Broad Expander of Territory" - ruled Koguryo which became major power of East Asia - Baekje & Silla submitted to Koguryo in 399 - buddhism created spiritual unity - expanded Koguryo’s territory in all directions 3) Bone-Rank System (520-935) - Where: society in Silla - Promulgated/established by King Pophung Hallowed Bone—royal family, could ascend throne (one of two last hallowed bones was Queen Sondok) True Bone—rest of royal family, couldn't become king Head ranks— 6 th : former members of the royal family, second-highest-ranking government officials 5 th : third-highest-ranking government officials 4 th : local leaders& fourth-highest- ranking government officials 3 rd -1 st : commoners - What: The system of social structure in Silla "caste system": segregated by bloodline/lineage, can't leave rank, can identify which rank based on house, attire - Why: Bone rank system was a rigid social structure in Silla. It clearly set which social level could do this while other groups couldn’t 4) Queen S ŏ nd ŏ k (r. 632-647) - Who: First reigning queen / Silla’s 27 th ruler -

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