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Tuesday, December 3, 2013FINALEXAMREVIEW.Mention something special about the quotation: ie. this is the last line of the novel, or indirectdiscourse.Each quote will ask you to talk about a different aspect related to a theme.“This theme is developed similarly in The Brothers Karamazov, through examples A, B, andC.”1.“It’s the idiotic smile that’s to blame…what’s to be done? What’s to be done?” – Stiva,speaking to himself. Very beginning of the novel, we’re just getting acquainted with Stiva;Dolly has discovered that Stiva is having an affair with his governess.oHow Oblonskys avoid taking blame (Both Stiva and Anna)oFatalism: both Stiva and Anna blame fate for their actions. Stiva doesn’t believe inomens, whereas Anna does. Anna has this romanticized view of fate. Stiva views itmore as a matter-of-fact, inevitable occurrence, whereas Anna regards occurrences asomens that have foreboding meaning.oMain themes: (1) Avoiding guilt/blame (putting yourself in a place where good/evildo not exist) (2) Fatalism (putting yourself in a place where you can’t be judgedanymore, going beyond moral judgments of good and evil)oHabits: Stiva habitually smileshis good nature.oFatalism: omens, she believes she’s going to die in childbirth.oAnna must, step by step, convince herself that she’s blameless (focuses on herhusband’s ears, tells herself what a machine and unfeeling bureaucrat he is). She hasa conscience and realizes on some level that he is not an unfeeling machine, whereasStiva does not believe that he is doing anything wrong. He inherently is not weigheddown by his conscience whereas Anna develops mechanisms to silence herconscience.oManipulating your perception of reality and how you see it; looking as an action(Ivan saw what he wanted to see and later on in the novel, he understood that what hewas seeing was the product of his rational view of the world and not what was reallygoing on).oGlobal wrapper: Tolstoy is trying to argue against fatalism and suggest that we allhave power in our own lives to determine our paths; he criticizes Anna and Stiva fornot recognizing that they have a choice. Tolstoy tries to show us that there is nopredetermined state in the world. Anna reinterprets all of these occurrences in orderto fit her own romantic tragedy – according to Tolstoy, this is not the way you live alife. (Eg. The precipice was so enchanting and the woman couldn’t help but jump offof it).Ideas do not dictate how you live; but it’s about realizing that you live dayto day, in the moment, and experience life in its ordinary moments. Youdon’t let ideas govern your behaviour and govern your perception of theworld.Stop living according to lofty ideals, and do not live based on ideas (Ivanhas a rational idea of the world and must prove everything rationally inorder to believe in it and this is not a valid worldview as he realizes towardsthe end of the novel). Anna looks at the world as if it’s predetermined – but