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Tuesday, December 3, 2013FINALEXAMREVIEW. Mention something special about the quotation: ie. this is the last line of the novel, or indirect discourse. Each quote will ask you to talk about a different aspect related to a theme. “This theme is developed similarly in The Brothers Karamazov, through examples A, B, and C.”1.“It’s the idiotic smile that’s to blame…what’s to be done? What’s to be done?” – Stiva, speaking to himself. Very beginning of the novel, we’re just getting acquainted with Stiva; Dolly has discovered that Stiva is having an affair with his governess. oHow Oblonskys avoid taking blame (Both Stiva and Anna)oFatalism: both Stiva and Anna blame fate for their actions. Stiva doesn’t believe in omens, whereas Anna does. Anna has this romanticized view of fate. Stiva views it more as a matter-of-fact, inevitable occurrence, whereas Anna regards occurrences asomens that have foreboding meaning. oMain themes: (1) Avoiding guilt/blame (putting yourself in a place where good/evil do not exist) (2) Fatalism (putting yourself in a place where you can’t be judged anymore, going beyond moral judgments of good and evil)oHabits: Stiva habitually smiles his good nature. oFatalism: omens, she believes she’s going to die in childbirth.oAnna must, step by step, convince herself that she’s blameless (focuses on her husband’s ears, tells herself what a machine and unfeeling bureaucrat he is). She has a conscience and realizes on some level that he is not an unfeeling machine, whereas Stiva does not believe that he is doing anything wrong. He inherently is not weighed down by his conscience whereas Anna develops mechanisms to silence her conscience. oManipulating your perception of reality and how you see it; looking as an action (Ivan saw what he wanted to see and later on in the novel, he understood that what hewas seeing was the product of his rational view of the world and not what was really going on). oGlobal wrapper: Tolstoy is trying to argue against fatalism and suggest that we all have power in our own lives to determine our paths; he criticizes Anna and Stiva for not recognizing that they have a choice. Tolstoy tries to show us that there is no predetermined state in the world. Anna reinterprets all of these occurrences in order to fit her own romantic tragedy – according to Tolstoy, this is not the way you live a life. (Eg. The precipice was so enchanting and the woman couldn’t help but jump off of it). Ideas do not dictate how you live; but it’s about realizing that you live day to day, in the moment, and experience life in its ordinary moments. You don’t let ideas govern your behaviour and govern your perception of the world. Stop living according to lofty ideals, and do not live based on ideas (Ivan has a rational idea of the world and must prove everything rationally in order to believe in it and this is not a valid worldview as he realizes towards the end of the novel). Anna looks at the world as if it’s predetermined – but