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Tuesday, November 5th, 2013LECTURE3: ANNAKARENINA. Stiva’s thinking is inauthentic; he doesn’t follow thoughts or principles because of his own conviction, but due to the need to belong. oStiva does not think through opinions; they happen within him. He identifies with a certain group and always agrees with them – opinions resident within him. oIf you’re really interested in right or wrong, you learn both sides of an issue.oHe does not see two sides of an issue. Pg. 29 (bottom)-30: Levin goes to visit his half-brother. “The point in discussion was…” oWe may say, do you have a mind, consciousness, or is it simply your brain operating and giving the illusion that there is ‘you’? “He had never connected these scientific deductions as to the origin of man as an animal.” – connecting to evolution. o“He had come across the magazine articles about which they were disputing…” oLevin is trying to take these problems and make them not just an academic topic, but something which actually changes the way you live, something that is real. o“My whole conception of the external world has been derived from perceptions.” o“As he listened to his brother’s argument with the professor…” oHow can all knowledge come from perception? How about the idea of existence? You can build up the idea of an apple, but can you build up the idea of existence? What is the ‘sense organ’ for existence? Pg. 31: “Simple and natural point of view” (condescension, non-academic) oAnother example of inauthentic thinking.oHow do you know when you’re actually thinking or making moves in a game? Levin goes to a restaurant with Stiva (Chapters 10-11). Stiva’s idea of life is through enjoyment and pleasure. o‘There probably is no God, enjoy yourself oHe’s a connoisseur of every kind of pleasure; he thinks with Levin, what kind of restaurant should we go to? He decides to choose one where he owes the most money, whereas most people would make the opposite choice. People at the restaurant love him because they want to be appreciated, even if he doesn’t pay his bill. His pleasure is infectious.Levin does not think that life is just about pleasure; there is something more important than pleasure in life. Pg. 41: Why fling a tablecloth over a table that already has one?oIt is all part of the performance; the theatre of flinging tablecloth in just the right wayis part of the performance. o“Ah, oysters.” – famous line, this is what life is all about. Everything that is supposedto be desirable came in ‘kinds’. Distinguish between different kinds of something that is desirable and the connoisseur would have to be able to tell the difference. None of the ordinary people should be able to figure out the distinction (refined taste should be exclusive). The waiter will ask the question and those in the know, will know. This is all part of the performance.