PE%20142%20Course%20Notes%20Chapter%201 - Faculty of...

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Faculty of Education School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education PE 142 Human Wellness and Potential Course Notes - Chapter 1 From: Hales, Dianne and Lauzon, Lara (2007). An Invitation to Health, First Canadian Edition. Toronto: Thomson Nelson. Chapter 1 An Invitation to Health and Wellness Health and Wellness Asklepios – Greek God of Health o Also known by his Roman name Aesculapius o Two of his daughters became celebrated healers Panacea – treated illness Hygeia – prevented illness o Their legacy is our understanding of the words Panacea – which means to heal, a remedy for all things, a cure- all Hygiene – meaning healthy, akin to well and to living, conditions or practices conducive to health First Nations’ Health and Wellness Holism o Emphasis on the interconnectedness between the physical and spiritual world, between the individual and their environment, and between the mind, body and spirit Bimaadiziwin – the way of good life or everyday and good living in accordance with the teachings of the creator, We are asked to: o Live the four fundamental values of kindness, honesty, sharing and strength o Remember that our world is made up of individuals, families, clans and nations o Respect nature Health and Health Promotion What is Health? World Health Organization (WHO) – declaration in 1947 stated that “the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being”. o Defined health as “not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, but a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing”
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Lalonde Report (1974) – document titled A New Perspective of the Health of Canadians – presented a conceptual framework called the Health Field Concept o Included four main elements: Human Biology, Environment, Lifestyle and Health-care organizations o Helped medical leaders to re-think current medical practices based on treatment-focused medicine. We moved from measuring our nation’s health status only by morbity (disease) and mortality (death) rates to viewing health as a part of every day living Health promotion  is the process of enabling people to increase control over,  and to improve their health.  To reach a state of complete physical, mental and  social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and realize  aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. o The three mechanisms to health promotion were identified as  self care  -  or the decisions and actions individuals take in the interest of their own  health,  o mutual aid  - or the actions people take to help each other cope and  o healthy environments  - or the creation of conditions and surroundings  conducive to health. More health models have been developed over the past few decades. 
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PE%20142%20Course%20Notes%20Chapter%201 - Faculty of...

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