PE%20142%20Course%20Notes%20Chapter%203 - Faculty of...

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Faculty of Education School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education PE 142 Human Wellness and Potential Course Notes - Chapter 3 From: Hales, Dianne and Lauzon, Lara (2007). An Invitation to Health, First Canadian Edition. Toronto: Thomson Nelson. Chapter 3 Psychological Health Young adulthood - the years from the late teens to the mid-twenties - is a time when many serious disorders, including bipolar illness (manic depression) and schizophrenia, often develop. The saddest fact is not that so many feel so bad, but that so few realize they can feel better. Only one of every five men and women who could use treatment ever seeks help. Yet 80 to 90 per cent of those treated for psychological problems recover, most within a few months. What Is Psychological Health? Psychological health encompasses both our emotional and mental states - that is, our feelings and our thoughts. o Emotional health generally refers to feelings and moods. o Mental health describes our ability to perceive reality as it is, to respond to its challenges, and to develop rational strategies for living. o Spiritual health , involves our ability to identify our basic purpose in life and to experience the fulfillment of achieving our full potential. o Culture also helps to define psychological health. Cultural rituals help to reinforce the values and beliefs people share. Emotional Intelligence – o Psychologist Daniel Goleman identifies five components of emotional intelligence (sometimes called emotional quotient or EQ): self- awareness, altruism, personal motivation, empathy, and the ability to love and be loved by friends, partners, and family members. How Can I Lead a Fulfilling Life? Optimistic and resilient people are less likely to suffer from mental disorders and more likely to lead happy, productive lives. Knowing Your Needs According to Maslow - we must satisfy basic physiological needs first. Then can we pursue fulfillment of our higher needs - for safety and security, love and affection, and self-esteem. According to Maslow, few individuals reach the state of self-actualization , in which one functions at the highest possible level and derives the greatest possible satisfaction from life. (See Figure 3-1.)
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Clarifying Your Values Values - the criteria by which you evaluate things, people, events, and yourself - represent what’s most important to you. Values can provide guidelines for making decisions that are right for you. Two types of values. o Instrumental values represent ways of thinking and acting that we hold important, such as being loving or loyal. o Terminal values represent goals, achievements, or ideal states that we strive toward, such as happiness. Instrumental and terminal values form the basis for your attitudes and your behaviour.
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course PE 142 taught by Professor Lauzon during the Spring '08 term at University of Victoria.

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PE%20142%20Course%20Notes%20Chapter%203 - Faculty of...

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