Faculty of Education
School of Exercise Science,
Physical and Health Education
PE 142 Human Wellness and Potential
Course Notes - Chapter 3
Hales, Dianne and Lauzon, Lara (2007).
An Invitation to Health,
First Canadian Edition.
Toronto: Thomson Nelson.
Young adulthood - the years from the late teens to the mid-twenties - is a time
when many serious disorders, including bipolar illness (manic depression) and
schizophrenia, often develop.
The saddest fact is not that so many feel so bad, but that so few realize they can
feel better. Only one of every five men and women who could use treatment ever
seeks help. Yet 80 to 90 per cent of those treated for psychological problems
recover, most within a few months.
What Is Psychological Health?
Psychological health encompasses both our emotional and mental states -
that is, our feelings and our thoughts.
generally refers to feelings and moods.
describes our ability to perceive reality as it is, to
respond to its challenges, and to develop rational strategies for
involves our ability to identify our basic purpose in
life and to experience the fulfillment of achieving our full potential.
also helps to define psychological health. Cultural rituals
help to reinforce the values and beliefs people share.
Emotional Intelligence –
Psychologist Daniel Goleman identifies five components of emotional
intelligence (sometimes called emotional quotient or EQ): self-
awareness, altruism, personal motivation, empathy, and the ability to
love and be loved by friends, partners, and family members.
How Can I Lead a Fulfilling Life?
and resilient people are less likely to suffer from mental disorders
and more likely to lead happy, productive lives.
Knowing Your Needs
According to Maslow - we must satisfy basic physiological needs first. Then
can we pursue fulfillment of our higher needs - for safety and security, love
and affection, and self-esteem.
According to Maslow, few individuals reach the state of
which one functions at the highest possible level and derives the greatest
possible satisfaction from life. (See Figure 3-1.)