CHEM 1530 Exam #3 Study Guide

CHEM 1530 Exam #3 Study Guide - CHEM 1530 Exam #3 Study...

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CHEM 1530 Exam #3 Study Guide (Chapter 21 – 25) 3-21-08 Instructor: JDavis Chapter 21 1. Know the general structure features of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells plus names of organelles, major cell components, etc. 2. Know the basic structure of mitochondria and its function. 3. Know what is meant by: metabolism, catabolism, anabolism, metabolic pathways, exergonic/ender- gonic reactions. 4. What are the 4 major stages of metabolism discussed in class. 5. Know what is the primary energy molecule used in living organisms 6. Be able to explain the basic strategy used to couple a favorable and an unfavorable reaction. 7. Know what are major Redox Coenzymes and their function; how protons/electrons are transferred Chapter 22 1. Know the definition of carbohydrate, monosaccharide, disaccharide, and polysaccharide. 2. Know the simple naming of sugars (example; aldohexose; aldohexose, etc.) and be able to identify a given sugar using this naming system. 3. Given the Fischer Projection of a sugar, you should be able to determine if it is the D or L isomer. 4. Know the definition and the difference between enantiomers. 5. Know what are anomers and be able to identify ά and β forms of sugars. 6. Know the four major monosaccharides discussed in the text and at least one use for each. 7. Know the product of the oxidation of a sugar. 8. Know what is meant by a reducing sugar, and be able to identify one, given the structure. 9. Know what a glycosidic bond is and how it is formed. This should also include how bonds between two sugars are formed since this is a glycosidic bond. 10. You should know what happens when a glycosidic bond is hydrolyzed. 11. You should know the type of linkages that occur between sugar molecules (ά and β) and be able to identify specific linkages given to you with the appropriate Greek letter and numbers. 12. You should know the monosaccharides that are used to make the disaccharides lactose, sucrose, and maltose, and the main dietary source of each of these disaccharides. 13. You should know the two types of glycoprotein linkages that occur (O-linked and N-linked) and the amino acids that are involved in these linkages. 14. You should know the basic structure and major function of the polysaccharides discussed in class
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course CHEM 1530 taught by Professor Davis during the Spring '08 term at Western Michigan.

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CHEM 1530 Exam #3 Study Guide - CHEM 1530 Exam #3 Study...

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