Chapter 19 notes - 3. Knights of Labor-founded in...

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Chapter 19 Pages 684-705 Key components of growth in the 1890’s 1. Rise of America’s middle class- - Growth of economy and innovation on display in Philadelphia - Number of people in urban cities doubled by 1900 (immigrants or laborers) - Middle class moved to suburbs - Suburb communities built around high school and public library - Control of sanitation, power, and communication became a major socioeconomic conflict - Museums changed culture - John Wanamaker’s first department store - Mail-order (sears and Montgomery ward) and chain stores (Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea companies) - Magazines - New opportunities for gaining economic status 2. The antitrust movement and the Sherman antitrust act: - Sherman antitrust act stated “every contract, combination in the form of trust or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states is hereby declared to be illegal” - Almost dead letter - trust: all large corporations that controlled a substantial share of any given market
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Unformatted text preview: 3. Knights of Labor-founded in Pennsylvania in 1869-led by Terrence V. Powderly-no longer secret in 1879 and emerged as a national federation of unions or assemblies-assemblies arranged by industry instead of craft-gave semiskilled and unskilled workers union representation for the first time-purpose: to secure to the workers the full enjoyment of the wealth they create 4. Pullman Strike of 1894-worked for company and lived in a company town-paid rent to company-after the panic of 1893, many workers were laid off but rent did not go down although wages did by 30%-750,000 workers went on strike and another 3 million were unemployed 5. American Federation of Labor-most members were skilled-founded in 1886-unions associated by trade or craft-accepted capitalism and the wage system-Worked in better conditions, wages, and hours...
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Chapter 19 notes - 3. Knights of Labor-founded in...

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