August 29 ARH - August 29, 2007 Art History: Near East...

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August 29, 2007 Art History: Near East Pictographs- simplified pictures used to stand for words - Incised with a sharp tool called a stylus or byrun - Incised into soft clay tablets - read from the top down and right to left - used for record keeping - in 3100-3000 BC evolve into cuneiform a more simplified way of writing - cuneiform (means wedge shaped) - literature is then developed - early literature: Gilgamesh (ruler of Uruk in 2500 BC) - tale of Gilgamesh written on several tablets - Gilgamesh: 2/3 god and 1/3 man, punished by sun god Anu, sent a wild man to kill him for being to strict; saga of a hero tormented by the gods Warka Vase: - Uruk - Sumerian - 3200-300 BC - medium: alabaster - 3 ft in height - first great work of narrative relief sculpture - found in Innanna complex - seems to depict a festival in honor of a god - vans called frieze or registers - has a ground line - lowest relief depicts ewes and rams circling in one direction - middle: naked men who are carrying votive offerings - figures are shown in composite view - arms legs and head are shown in profile - figures do not overlap for clarity - in the uppermost register there is a woman (possibly Innanna) - hierarchy of scale—most important people are bigger
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This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course ARH 2050 taught by Professor Zaho during the Fall '07 term at University of Central Florida.

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August 29 ARH - August 29, 2007 Art History: Near East...

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