ARH The rise of civilization

ARH The rise of civilization - -40 feet above street level...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
August 28, 2007 Chapter 2: The rise of Civilization Mesopotamia: - the land between two rivers--- meaning (tigres and Euphrates) - fertile crescent - where civilization truly begins - first writing and literature here - Judiasm, Christianity, and Islam began here - Developing at the same time as Egypt - Collection of independent city states - Developed and complex religion - Does not focus on afterlife - Developing at the same time as Egypt - Cities were centered around a temple complex - Temple raised above towns - Temple was a political, administrative center - Temple was located on a high platform called a ziggarat - Ziggarats are intended to symbolize a stairway to heaven - Built of mud brick which is why they are not around anymore Summer: - First Meo city state to gain power - circa 3500 BC - use plows - harnessed and control river flooding Reconstruction of the white temple and ziggaurat: - uruk (Iraq) - portions of ziggaurat predate the pyramids at Egypt
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: -40 feet above street level ziggaurat-bent axis approachstairway does not lead directly to door-corners are oriented to the 4 cardinal points-dedicated to the god Anu (sky god)-temple (61 by 16 feet)-not meant for a lot of people at once-not a large public space for worship-inside temple cella housed a divinity set on a stepped alter-temple translates to waiting room-priests waited for gods to descend from heaven-tallest 250 feet in Babalon (tower of babel) Female Head:-8 in-made of marble-carved female head-imported material (luxury)-in original condition would have been striking-eyes would have been made of glass-called Innana b/c she was found in the temple of inanna-goddess of love and war-oldest and most reveared god-became ishtar-image or goddess or priestess unclear-holes in sides tell that it ws fixed to something else-part of a larger idol or image...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/18/2008 for the course ARH 2050 taught by Professor Zaho during the Fall '07 term at University of Central Florida.

Page1 / 2

ARH The rise of civilization - -40 feet above street level...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online