REL 1350 Study Guide 2015 - 1 REL 1350 Weaver Study Guide...

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1 REL 1350 Weaver Study Guide Materials No More Like Matthias: Apostolic Fathers Definition of Apostolic Father o Their connection to apostles Ecclesiology Heresy, Orthodoxy Ignatius of Antioch o Use of the word catholic o Monarchical episcopate o View of Eucharist o View of docetism Theology of martyrdom o Meaning of the term o Letter of Pliny to Trajan o Ignatius’ conception of martyrdom for himself Apostolic Fathers: the Didache; Persecution of Early Christians Didache o Some characteristics of the “way of life and way of death” o Instructions on baptism, fasting and Lord’s Prayer o Means of testing a false prophet o The author’s words on following the whole yoke of the Lord o Its other title Martyrdom of Polycarp – the fire Perpetua and Felicitas o Summarize story o Role of father; role of the infant; brothers; the pitcher, conditions of women o They are from where…. Edict of Milan Boundaries of the Faith: Irenaeus and Gnosticism; Montanism Gnosticism o Basic definitions, leaders o boundaries defined
2 o Docetism o Dualism of… o Gnosis – meaning, how you get it o Salvation by… o Role and Concept of Jesus o Pleroma o Demiurge… Creator o View of Scriptures Opponent: Irenaeus of Lyons o Battled the Gnostics, Against Heresies o 3 safeguards to the faith: canon, creed, clergy (how did these function) o Apostolic Succession (and how did Irenaeus personally fit into this scheme) o Recapitulation – definition; connection to the incarnation, second Adam o Apostles Creed and how it refuted gnostic beliefs Montanism o Leaders o New Prophecy (ecstatic speech) o Pepuza o Prophet v. Bishop o Role of Continuing Revelation (as it relates to Scripture) Apologists: Christianity and Culture Definition of Apologist Criticisms of Christianity and the Church’s basic responses Biblical/Cultural Separatism o Tertullian view toward Greek philosophy What has Athens to do with Jerusalem? What Does the Academy have to do with the Church? Christ against culture The Blood of Martyrs is the … o Early Monasticism St. Antony Simeon Stylite Christianity compatible with best of the world o Apologies were addressed to whom and were really meant for… o Justin Martyr First and Second Apology attitude toward Greek philosophy his use of Logos and its meaning
3 manner of his death “inclusivism” Defining the Canon Marcion o his dualism o his closed canon consisted of… o his Christology o his use of Paul and attitude toward Paul Diatessaron Criteria for inclusion in the Canon o Marcion, Montanists and Gnostics: their role in canon o Date for the New Testament in the form we have it/Athanasius o Didache as an example of… in terms of the canon threefold method of biblical interpretation – Origen How did they read the Old Testament?

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