Personality Overview Paper - 1 PSY 405 Personality Overview...

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PSY 405 Personality Overview 1 Personality Overview PSY 405 Theories of Personality Personality Overview
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PSY 405 Personality Overview 2 Each Psychodynamic Personality Theory envelops unique strengths and limitations when interpreting human behavior. Some theories provide more substantiate explanations than others concerning human behavior, and personality development. Such remarkable explanations demonstrate how and why individuals develop so uniquely. Whether biological, physiological, or psychological, individuals exhibit discriminative traits and characteristics. Many psychodynamic theorists theorized the origins and contributions that cultivate personality (Feist&Feist, 2009). The theories of focus within this paper are Alfred Alder's individual psychology theory and Harry Stack Sullivan’s interpersonal theory. Individual Psychology Alfred Alder theorized his elucidation of personality development through by developing individual psychology. Adler proposed that individuals are intrinsically motivated to accomplish superiority among others, based on innate inferior self perceptions. In support of Freud’s beliefs involving the unconscious, Alder considered individual personalities unique and requisite. However, Adler disagreed with Freud's position in regard to unconscious influence upon individual personality. Adler's stance found agreement with the relationship between the conscious and individual personality. The closest Alder related to the unconscious mind was with his beliefs of how understanding dreams would help with understanding how to handle future problems (Feist&Feist, 2009). Strengths and Limitations Individual psychology entails strength in the capacity to encourage social interactions, and empower interpersonal relationships. Alder concluded that appropriately interacting amid peers, enables individuals to modify, or redirect negative behaviors. These modifications establish positive, and productive personalities. Weaknesses become apparent in those individuals who exhibit deficiencies in
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PSY 405 Personality Overview 3 cultivating interpersonal relationships. Individuals who lack ability in conceptualizing effective social interactions present inadequate personality development, and are liable to assume inferiority in relation to others. However, there is a degree of strength discovered when individuals experience such emotions.
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  • Spring '13
  • ThomMote
  • Psychology, Harry Stack Sullivan, Personality Overview

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