review test 1 - Review Test 1 Chapter 1 Three sisters(corn...

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Review Test 1Chapter 1Three sisters – (corn, beans squash) formed basis of agricultureTenochtitlan- the capital of the Aztec empire is now MexicoMound Builders- Indians of the Ohio River valley named by 18 century settlersCahokia- City in Mississippi river valley near present day St. Louis, fortified community within 10,000-30,000 inhabitantsIroquois League – contained Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, senena, Onondaga- formed a great league of peace bringing aperiod of stability- in New York and PennsylvaniaAnimism – an idea, scared spirits could be found in all kind of living things and inanimate thingsEx- animals, plants, trees, water, windMatrilineal Societies – society centered on clans or kinships groups in which children became members of the mothers family not fathers**“Christian Liberty”- A freedom meant abandoning the life of sin to embrace the teachings of ChristCaravel- a ship capable of long distance travelReconquista- “the reconquest” of Spain from the moors, African Muslins who had occupied part of Iberian Peninsula to insure religious unification ordered everyone to become catholicConquistadores- the Spanish that took the lead in exploration and conquestColumbian exchange –transatlantic exchange of goods and peopleMestizos –persons of mixed originNinety-Five Theses- a paper by Martin Luther- German priest- which accused the church of worldliness and corruptionBartolome de Las Casas- Dominican priest – published an account of decimation of the Indian population – by Spanish ruleRepartimiento system- Spanish government est. whereby residents of Indian villages remained legally free and entitled to wagesBlack Legend- idea that Spanish New World Empire was more oppressive toward the Indians than other European empires; was used as a justification for English imperial expansionPueblo Revolt- Uprising in 1680 in which Pueblo Indians temporarily drove Spanish colonists out of modernDay New MexicoMetis- children of marriage from Indian women and French tradersEngages,or indentured servant- Settler who signed on for a temporary period of servitude to a master in exchange for Passage to the new world, Virginia and Pennsylvania were largely pop. By English and German in were Indentured servantsFloshing Remonstrance – a religious toleration, 1657 by English settlers protesting governors order barring Quakers Patroons- shareholders who agreed to transport tenants for agriculture labor
Chapter 2Virginia Company- a private business organization whose shareholders included merchants, aristocrats and members of Parliament – queen gave blessing before her death 1603Roanoke colony –colonist set up base here in 1585 to facilitate continuing raids on Spanish shipping

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