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14 - Testing - Chapter 14 Testing Components of Physical...

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Chapter 14 Chapter 14 Testing Testing
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Components of Physical Fitness Cardiorespiratory Endurance VO 2 max Musculoskeletal Fitness Muscular strength Muscular endurance Body Composition Flexibility
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Purposes of Physical Fitness Testing Identify strengths and weaknesses Set goals Help w/ precise exercise prescriptions Use as baseline to evaluate progress
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Factors Affecting Test Selection Age Sex Pretraining Status
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Testing Environment Establish good rapport to reduce anxiety Project a sense of relaxed confidence Maintain appropriate room temp Chairs and table for paperwork Make sure equipment is calibrated and prepared before client arrives
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Test Validity The degree that each test measures what it claims to measure Direct vs. Indirect measures (VO 2 max) Validity coefficient Closer to 1.0 = stronger validity Valid field tests usually at least 0.80
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Test Reliability Ability of each test to produce consistent and repeatable results good tests usually >0.90 Test must have good reliability to be valid, but can have very high reliability and have poor validity ex. sit and reach
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Pretest I nstructions Comfortable clothing Plenty of fluids No eating, smoking, alcohol, or caffeine for 3 hrs prior to test No strenuous activity that day Adequate sleep night before
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Test I nterpretation Compare to established norms Percentile rankings
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